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1.
Laparoscopic versus open ventral hernia mesh repair: a prospective study   总被引:15,自引:4,他引:11  
Background An incisional hernia develops in 3% to 13% of laparotomy incisions, with primary suture repair of ventral hernias yielding unsatisfactory results. The introduction of a prosthetic mesh to ensure abdominal wall strength without tension has decreased the recurrence rate, but open repair requires significant soft tissue dissection in tissues that are already of poor quality as well as flap creation, increasing complication rates and affecting the recurrence rate. A minimally invasive approach was applied to the repair pf ventral hernias, with the expectation of earlier recovery, fewer postoperative complications, and decreased recurrence rates. This prospective study was performed to objectively analyze and compare the outcomes after open and laparoscopic ventral hernia repair. Methods The outcomes for 50 unselected patients who underwent laparoscopic ventral hernia repair were compared with those for 50 consecutive unselected patients who underwent open repair. The open surgical operations were performed by the Rives and Stoppa technique using prosthetic mesh, whereas the laparoscopic repairs were performed using the intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) repair technique in all cases. Results The study group consisted of 100 patients (82 women and 18 men) with a mean age of 55.25 years (range, 30–83 years). The patients in the two groups were comparable at baseline in terms of sex, presenting complaints, and comorbid conditions. The patients in laparoscopic group had larger defects (93.96 vs 55.88 cm2; p = 0.0023). The mean follow-up time was 20.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 18.5640–23.0227 months). The mean surgery durations were 90.6 min for the laparoscopic repair and 93.3 min for the open repair (p = 0.769, nonsignificant difference). The mean postoperative stay was shorter for the laparoscopic group than for the open hernia group (2.7 vs 4.7 days; p = 0.044). The pain scores were similar in the two groups at 24 and 48 h, but significantly less at 72 h in the laparoscopic group (mean visual analog scale score, 2.9412 vs 4.1702; p = 0.001). There were fewer complications (24%) and recurrences (2%) among the patients who underwent laparoscopic repair than among those who had open repair (30% and 10%, respectively). Conclusions The findings demonstrate that laparoscopic ventral hernia repair in our experience was safe and resulted in shorter operative time, fewer complications, shorter hospital stays, and less recurrence. Hence, it should be considered as the procedure of choice for ventral hernia repair.  相似文献
2.
目的:对比分析腹腔镜和传统开腹胆囊切除术治疗急性结石性胆囊炎的疗效。方法:回顾分析2004年3月至2008年6月我院收治的急性结石性胆囊炎患者800例的临床资料,其中传统开腹手术520例,腹腔镜手术280例。比较两种术式的手术时间,下床活动时间,疼痛评分,止痛药使用率,切口感染或液化率,术中术后并发症,住院时间及综合费用。结果:腹腔镜与传统开腹手术治疗急性结石性胆囊炎的上述指标除手术时间和住院费用外差异均有统计学意义(P<005)。结论:腹腔镜比传统开腹手术治疗急性结石性胆囊炎具有患者创伤小,康复快,治疗费用低,住院时间短,并发症少,疗效好等优点,是治疗急性结石性胆囊炎较理想的手术方式。  相似文献
3.
Despite the increasing number of reports on surgical treatments for thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral collapse with neurological deficits, the choice of surgery remains controversial. In this retrospective study, we compared the outcomes of posterior and anterior surgeries for single-level osteoporotic vertebral collapse with neurological deficit in the thoracolumbar spine. Both posterior and anterior surgical approaches were performed with a consistent procedure for a single surgical indication at one institution. Twenty-four patients treated with posterior surgery and 28 patients treated with anterior surgery were followed-up over an average of 5 years after surgery. Radiographic results (kyphotic angle, bony fusion, and instrumentation failure), neurological improvement, and surgical complications were compared between the two groups. The average correction angle after surgery was larger in the posterior group than in the anterior group (P = 0.013), but not at final follow-up (P = 0.755). The average loss of correction was also higher in the posterior group than in the anterior group (P = 0.037). There was no significant difference in neurological outcomes between anterior and posterior approaches (P = 0.080). Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed that the neurological outcome was better in wedge type than in flat type vertebral collapse, regardless of the type of surgical approach (P = 0.0093). In wedge type vertebral collapse, neurological improvement tended to be greater after anterior than after posterior surgery. In four of six cases with instrumentation failure in the anterior group, a titanium cage subsided more than 5 mm but bony fusion was eventually achieved without causing neurological problems. In the posterior group, six cases experienced instrumentation failure during the postoperative course (two cases with screws loosened from pedicles and bodies, and one case with breakage of a screw neck). None of the patients developed instrumentation-related neurological problems. Two cases in each group developed pseudoarthrosis. In single-level osteoporotic vertebral collapse with neurological deficit, anterior surgery tended to improve neurological deficit in wedge type, but not in flat type collapse, compared with posterior surgery.  相似文献
4.
经腹膜后与经腹腔入路腹腔镜下侧位肾上腺手术的比较   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
目的 比较经腹膜后入路和腹腔入路腹腔镜下肾上腺手术的方法、优缺点,总结腹腔镜下肾上腺手术的适应证、禁忌证以及2种入路手术的选择。方法 回顾分析1996年7月-2005年12月105例腹腔镜肾上腺手术经验,其中经腹腔入路50例,经腹膜后入路55例。比较2组患者的手术时间、手术优缺点、中转开放手术率、手术并发症等指标。结果 经腹腔入路者5例(10%)中转开放手术,其中1例因为肝损伤,2例因发生肾上腺血管难以控制的出血,2例因粘连严重镜下难以分离;经腹膜后入路者2例(4%)中转开放手术,其中1例肾损伤,另1例暴露困难。余98例手术均成功。经腹腔入路手术时间50~180min,平均82min;出血量15~180ml,平均65ml;36h即下床活动;术后住院5~14d。经腹膜后途径者手术时间45~130min,平均60min;出血量15~100ml,平均30ml;24h后下床活动;术后住院3~7d。术中并发症:经腹腔途径者1例发生肝损伤,2例嗜铬细胞瘤患者发生难以控制的肾上腺出血;经腹膜后入路者中1例发生肾损伤。结论 腹腔镜下肾上腺手术应根据病变性质、肿瘤大小、位置及患者的具体情况选择手术入路,对体积较大、位于肾蒂前内方的肿瘤或血运丰富的嗜铬细胞瘤应采用经腹腔入路。  相似文献
5.
目的 对比小切口与传统开放术式进行单节段后路腰椎椎体间融合(posterior lumbar interbody fusion,PLIF)术对脊旁肌损伤程度的差别.方法 2006年3月至2008年5月,应用PLIF术治疗单节段下腰椎病变患者91例.小切口组41例,男22例,女19例;年龄34~72岁,平均53.5岁;椎间盘突出伴椎间隙狭窄10例、椎管狭窄症7例、椎体后缘离断症4例、腰椎滑脱症20例.开放组50例,男23例,女27例;年龄28~75岁,平均53.4岁;椎问盘突出伴椎间隙狭窄13例、椎管狭窄症8例、椎体后缘离断症4例、腰椎滑脱症25例.比较两组病例的手术时间、术中出血及术前、术后第1、3、5、7天的肌酸激酶水平.对术后1年以上患者评估VAS疼痛评分和Oswestry功能障碍评分.分别对11例小切口和10例开放手术的患者手术节段水平多裂肌横截面积比较.结果 小切口组术中出血及术后第1、3、5无肌酸激酶水平明显低于开放组.小切口组25例、开放组30例获得随访.VAS分值和ODI百分数两组患者术前均无明显差别,而术后小切口组均明显低于开放组.小切口组术后多裂肌横截面积尢明显变化,脂肪化轻微;而开放组多裂肌萎缩明显,并且瘢痕化、脂肪化明显.结论 与传统PLIF术相比,小切口PLIF术具有切口小、术中出血少、软组织损伤小、术后恢复快、多裂肌萎缩和腰背痛的发生率低等优点.  相似文献
6.
(足母)外翻足内侧足纵弓的初步研究   总被引:10,自引:0,他引:10  
目的观察  相似文献
7.
目的对比研究体外循环冠状动脉旁路移植术(CCABG)与非体外循环冠状动脉旁路移植术(OPCAB)病人住院费用的差别。方法将679例行冠状动脉旁路移植术(CABG)病人分为CCABG组与OPCAB组,对比两组住院费用及各项分类住院费用的差别,包括西药费、化验费、检查费、治疗费、手术费、麻醉费、血费、材料费、护理费、膳食费及其他费用。结果CCABG组合计住院费用高于OPCAB组,但差异无统计学意义;在分类费用中,CCABG组的西药费、手术费、血费、床位费及护理费高于OPCAB组,而OPCAB组材料费高于CCABG组,差异有统计学意义;两组间化验费、检查费、治疗费、麻醉费、膳食费及其他费用差异无统计学意义。结论OPCAB组合计住院费用与CCABG组相仿,而OPCAB组的材料费用显著高于CCABG组。  相似文献
8.
泛影葡胺对粘连性小肠梗阻的临床疗效   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6       下载免费PDF全文
目的:探讨泛影葡胺对粘连性小肠梗阻的诊断和治疗作用。
方法:回顾性分析2年半内收治的146例粘连性小肠梗阻患者的临床资料,随机分为泛影葡胺治疗组(治疗组,72例)与对照组(74例)。口服或经鼻胃管注入80~100 mL 76%的泛影葡胺注射液,注药后夹管2 h,观察临床症状并结合腹部X线摄片、螺旋CT动态观察梗阻加重和缓解情况,比较两组患者发病至入院前时间,住院天数,住院费用,非手术治疗成功者入院后缓解时间,非手术治疗成功者发病至缓解时间,非手术治疗成功率,手术治疗者入院后非手术治疗时间及手术治疗者发病至手术时间。
结果:治疗组72例中50例(69.4%)非手术治疗成功,非手术治疗成功率为69.4%大于对照组的46.0%(34/74)(P<0.05);该50例非手术治疗成功者平均入院后缓解时间为(1.90±1.03)d短于对照组(3.20±1.95)d(P<0.05),治疗组22例(30.6%)非手术治疗过程中症状加重而行手术治疗。治疗组的手术治疗者平均非手术治疗时间,平均住院天数,平均住院费用等均少于对照组(P<0.05)。
结论:口服或经鼻胃管注入泛影葡胺能提高粘连性小肠梗阻患者的非手术治疗成功率,并能加速粘连性小肠梗阻的缓解,缩短非手术治疗无效患者的手术前非手术治疗时间,从而加快手术治疗的决定,缩短了患者的住院时间,降低了住院费用。  相似文献
9.
目的 比较双Endobutton钢板与AO锁骨钩钢板治疗Rockwood Ⅲ~Ⅴ型肩锁关节脱位的疗效.方法 2008年2月至2008年12月,收治38例Rockwood Ⅲ~Ⅴ型肩锁关节脱位患者.其中18例应用双Endobutton钢板治疗,男12例,女6例;年龄(38.5±6.2)岁;左侧10例,右侧8例;RockwoodⅢ型13例,Ⅳ型2例,Ⅴ型3例.20例应用AO锁骨钩钢板治疗,男14例,女6例;年龄(34.8±5.9)岁;左侧11例,右侧9例;Rockwood Ⅲ型13例,Ⅳ型3例,Ⅴ型4例.术前两组患者一般资料具有可比性.分别对两组患者术中及住院期间的各项指标、术后的影像学结果 、临床疗效结果 及并发症进行对比分析.结果 锁骨钩钢板组的手术时间相对较短、术中平均失血量较少,而切口长度相对较长.术后双Endobutton钢板组的肩部疼痛发生率低于锁骨钩钢板组,肩关节外展活动度优于锁骨钩钢板组.锁骨钩钢板组易出现肩关节疼痛及肩关节活动受限.在切口感染及内固定松动方面两组差异无统计学意义.术后根据Karlsson评定标准,双Endobutton钢板组优14例,良3例,差1例,优良率为95%;锁骨钩钢板组优9例,良6例,差5例,优良率为75%.结论 双Endobutton钢板在治疗Rockwood Ⅲ~Ⅴ型肩锁关节脱位的总体疗效与锁骨钩钢板相当,但是其术后肩关节疼痛及肩关节活动受限发生率低,有利于早期进行功能锻炼.  相似文献
10.
目的:比较腹腔镜胆道探查取石术与传统开放手术对机体创伤及免疫的影响。方法:将胆道结石患者40例分成两组,腹腔镜组20例,传统手术组20例,两组男女各10例,47~72岁。由同一手术组施术。分别于术前1d和术后3d及7d抽取外周静脉血监测相应的实验指标,同时监测两组临床观察指标。结果:创伤指标(WBC,NE%,L%,血糖,CRP,TNF-α,IL-6),免疫学检测指标(IgG,IgA,IgM,C3,C4,CD3+,CD4+,CD8+,NK),临床指标(手术时间、术中出血量、术后疼痛评分、SIRS发生和持续时间、术后通气时间、术后并发症、住院时间)腹腔镜组均优于传统手术组。结论:腹腔镜胆道探查取石术与传统开放手术相比,手术切口小、术中出血少、术后肠道功能恢复快、疼痛轻、住院时间短、应激指标升高与免疫指标减少较低,且术后恢复较快,对机体免疫功能和应激反应影响小,能更好的减少机体创伤,保护机体免疫功能,患者术后康复快,体现了腹腔镜胆道手术的微创性。  相似文献
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