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1.
2.
We retrospectively reviewed 54 patients (92 hips) who underwent cementless total hip arthroplasty for bony ankylosis in ankylosing spondylitis between September 1988 and 2002. The mean age of the patients was 25.5 years. The mean duration of follow-up was 8.5 years. The average preoperative Harris Hip Score of 49.5 improved to 82.6 postoperatively. Postoperatively, 10 hips had mild to moderate pain. Anterior dislocation occurred in 4 (4.3%) hips, and sciatic nerve palsy in 1 (1.1%) hip. Heterotopic ossification was seen in 12 patients; reankylosis rate was 0%. Thirteen (14%) arthroplasties were revised because of aseptic loosening. Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis with revision as end point revealed 98.8% survival at 5 years and 85.8% survival at 8.5 years follow-up.  相似文献
3.
PURPOSE: The role of laparoscopy in the management of large renal tumors (more than 7 cm) is not clearly established. We prospectively evaluated the feasibility, safety and long-term results of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for large renal tumors (T2N0M0) and compared the results with those of open radical nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1998 and 2006, 112 patients with clinical stage T2N0M0 renal carcinoma underwent radical nephrectomy at our institution. Clinical data were prospectively collected after categorizing the patients into group 1-41 with laparoscopy and group 2-71 with open surgery. The choice of procedure was nonrandomized and it depended on patient and surgeon preference and experience. RESULTS: The 2 groups were contemporary and comparable in terms of age, body mass index and mean tumor size (9.9 and 10.1 cm, respectively). Concomitant adrenalectomy was performed in 14 patients (34%) in group 1 and in 29 (41%) in group 2. Limited (hilar) lymphadenectomy was performed in 30 patients (73%) in group 1 and in 58 (81%) in group 2. Group 1 patients experienced significantly less blood loss, and had a decreased analgesic requirement, shorter hospital stay and more rapid convalescence, although they required longer operative time (180.8 vs 165.3 minutes, p=0.029). The 2 groups were followed for a similar period (mean 51.4 vs 57.2 months) and there was no difference in 5-year survival data. There were no local or port site recurrences. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for clinical stage T2 renal tumors is effective with the advantages of less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, decreased analgesic requirement and rapid recovery compared with open radical nephrectomy. Long-term results are also similar in the 2 groups of patients. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for large tumors is a technically difficult, challenging procedure and it should be attempted by surgeons with significant experience.  相似文献
4.
Aim The presence of a vermiform appendix in an inguinal hernia sac is termed Amyand’s hernia. It may present as a tender inguinal or inguino-scrotal swelling and is often misdiagnosed as an incarcerated or strangulated hernia. The purpose of this study was to review the management of Amyand’s hernia at a single institution since 1991. Material and methods A retrospective analysis was undertaken of 18 consecutive patients with an Amyand’s hernia operated upon at our institution from 1991 to 2005. Patients’ demographics, treatment and postoperative outcome were analysed. Results There were 17 men and one woman. Their median age was 42 years. None of the patients was diagnosed preoperatively. The commonest presenting symptom was painful inguinal or inguino-scrotal swelling (83%). All patients, therefore, underwent emergency surgery with a presumptive diagnosis of either incarcerated or strangulated inguinal hernia. Operative findings included 11 normal appendices, four inflamed appendices and three perforated appendices in the inguinal hernial sac. Patients with a normal appendix (n = 11) had a mesh hernia repair without an appendicectomy. The rest of the patients (n = 7) with an abnormal appendix underwent emergency open appendicectomy followed by Bassini’s sutured hernia repair. One patient died in the postoperative period of pneumonia. Only one recurrent hernia has been detected, with a median follow-up time of 6.4 years. Conclusion The inflammatory status of the appendix determines the type of hernia repair and the surgical approach. Incidental appendicectomy in the case of a normal appendix is not favoured.  相似文献
5.
Prognosis of acute renal failure in children: a multivariate analysis   总被引:5,自引:5,他引:0  
Various factors were analyzed in 80 consecutive children under 16 years who had acute renal failure (ARF), for various prognostic factors. Overall mortality was 42.5%, with significantly higher levels seen in hemolytic uremic syndrome (68%, P <0.05) and associated with cardiac surgery (90.9%, P <0.01). Anuria (67.6% vs. 43.5%, P <0.05), need for dialysis (85.3% vs. 56.5%, P <0.05), neurological complications (50% vs. 6.3%, P <0.01), and respiratory complications (35.2% vs. 2.1%, P <0.01) were significantly higher in nonsurvivors than survivors. Multiple regression analysis showed the presence of neurological and respiratory complications to be poor prognostic factors. Received May 2, 1995; received in revised form August 28, 1996; accepted September 13, 1996  相似文献
6.
Enalapril dosage in steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome   总被引:5,自引:5,他引:4  
We have examined, in a randomized crossover trial, the antiproteinuric effect of treatment with low- (0.2 mg/kg daily) and high-dose (0.6 mg/kg daily) enalapril in 25 consecutive patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Patients in group A (n=11) received enalapril at low doses for 8 weeks, followed by 2 weeks of washout and then at high doses for 8 weeks. Those in group B (n=14) initially received enalapril at high and then low doses. Patients continued to receive treatment with tapering doses of prednisolone; none received concomitant therapy with daily oral or intravenous steroids, alkylating agents, cyclosporine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and other antihypertensive medications. The urine albumin-to-creatinine (Ua/Uc) ratio and the percentage reduction were determined for each phase of therapy. Baseline clinical, biochemical, and histological features were comparable in the two groups. In the first phase, treatment with low-dose enalapril (group A) resulted in median 34.8% Ua/Uc reduction compared with 62.9% with high doses (group B) (P<0.01). High-dose enalapril was associated with a significant reduction in Ua/Uc ratio in both groups. The combined median Ua/Uc (95% confidence interval) reduction in the low-dose phase was 33% (–10.3% to 72.4%) and in the high-dose 52% (15.4%–70.4%) (P<0.05). The median Ua/Uc ratio at the end of 20 weeks was 1.1 and 1.8 in groups A and B, respectively (P>0.05). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure reductions were similar in both groups. No period or carry-over effect was found. Prolonged treatment with enalapril thus resulted in a dose-related reduction in nephrotic-range proteinuria. Titration of the dose of enalapril may be a useful strategy for achieving substantial reduction of proteinuria in children with SRNS.  相似文献
7.
Etiology and outcome of chronic renal failure in Indian children   总被引:4,自引:4,他引:2  
A prospective analysis of all new pediatric cases of chronic renal failure (CRF) was performed at our hospital over a 1-year period. The diagnosis of CRF was based on serum creatinine >2 mg/dl with supportive clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings. There were a total of 48 patients with CRF with a median age of 13 years (range 10 days to 16 years). The causes of CRF included glomerulonephritis (37.5%), obstruction and interstitial (52%), hereditary (6.3%), and undetermined (4.2%). Patients were symptomatic for a mean of 33.2 months (range 10 days to 11 years) at presentation. Eight patients (16.7%) had acute reversible deterioration of renal function at presentation. This was due to accelerated hypertension in 2, infection in 3, volume depletion in 2, and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs in 1 patient. At presentation, 22 (46%) children had mild to moderate renal failure and 26 (54%) had end-stage renal disease. Twenty-one children (43.7%) had associated illness at presentation. Mean follow-up was 22.9 weeks (range 2–126 weeks). At the end of the study period, 10 (21%) patients were on conservative treatment, 7 (14.6%) on maintenance dialysis, 8 (16.7%) patients had functioning allografts, 4 (8.3%) patients had died, and 19 (39.6%) opted against further therapy. We conclude that CRF in Indian children carries a poor prognosis due to late referral and the limited availability and high cost of renal replacement therapy. Received: 31 July 1998 / Revised: 7 December 1998 / Accepted: 13 December 1998  相似文献
8.
Acute pyelonephritis (APN) may produce permanent renal damage (PRD), which can subsequently lead to diverse complications. We prospectively evaluated 147 females and 122 males (mean age 3.5 years) with APN in order to analyze the relationship between the presence of PRD, at the time of cortical renal scintigraphy, and age, gender, episodes of urinary tract infection (UTI), and presence of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). There were 152 children studied after the first proven UTI. VUR was present in 150 children. PRD was observed in 170 children. There were no significant differences between boys and girls. PRD was found in 36.4% of children younger than 1 year and in 70.1% of those older than 1 year (P<0.0001). Of children with VUR, 72% had PRD compared with 52% of children without VUR (P<0.0001). Of children with a first episode of UTI, 55.9% developed PRD as did 72.6% of those with recurrent UTI (P=0.004). Our results showed that PRD in children with APN is important, especially in the presence of VUR, recurrent UTI, and older age.  相似文献
9.
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of the alpha-blocker tamsulosin on stone clearance, analgesic requirements and steinstrasse in shock wave lithotripsy for solitary renal and ureteral calculus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, double-blind, randomized placebo controlled study was performed during 1 year involving 60 patients with a solitary renal or ureteral calculus undergoing shock wave lithotripsy. The control group (30) received 0.4 mg tamsulosin and the study group (30) received placebo daily until stone clearance or for a maximum of 30 days. An oral preparation of dextropropoxyphene hydrochloride and acetaminophen was the analgesic used on an on-demand basis. The parameters assessed were stone size, position, clearance time, effect on steinstrasse and analgesic requirement. RESULTS: The overall clearance rate was 96.6% (28 of 29) in the study group and 79.3% (23 of 29) in the control group (p = 0.04). With larger stones 11 to 24 mm the difference in the clearance rate was significant (p = 0.03) but not so with the smaller stones 6 to 10 mm (p = 0.35). The average dose of analgesic used was lower with tamsulosin than with controls, without statistical significance. Steinstrasse resolved spontaneously in the tamsulosin group whereas 25% (2 of 8) required intervention in the placebo group. There was no difference between the 2 groups with regard to age, stone size or location. CONCLUSIONS: The alpha-blocker tamsulosin seemed to facilitate stone clearance, particularly with larger stones during shock wave lithotripsy for renal and ureteral calculus. It also appeared to improve the outcome of steinstrasse. Tamsulosin may have a potential role in routine shock wave lithotripsy.  相似文献
10.

INTRODUCTION

Haemangioma is the most common liver tumour. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic tumours, rapid increase in size, rupture or doubt in diagnosis. There is continuing debate regarding the ideal method of surgical treatment for liver haemangiomas, with some surgeons favouring enucleation over liver resection.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Retrospective analysis of prospectively compiled database of patients who were surgically treated for liver haemangioma.

RESULTS

Between 1987 and 2003, we operated on 21 patients with liver haemangioma. Pre-operative diagnosis on imaging was made in 16 patients (13 symptomatic, 3 had progressive increase in size). In five patients, the indication of surgery was uncertain diagnosis. Enucleation was performed in 9 patients and liver resection in 12. The size of the haemangioma was similar in the enucleation and resection groups (8.9 cm versus 10 cm; P = 0.85). The mean intra-operatiive blood loss was significantly less in the enucleation group (400 ml versus 1330 ml; P = 0.004). The mean operative time was significantly less in the enucleation group as compared to the resection group (170 min versus 230 min; P = 0.035). Five patients had major postoperative morbidity in the resection group as compared to none in the enucleation group (P = 0.045). The duration of hospital stay was significantly longer in the resection group.(9.9 days versus 5.6 days; P = 0.005).

CONCLUSIONS

Enucleation of liver haemangiomas is safer, quicker and associated with less morbidity than liver resection. Except for some situations, such as uncertain diagnosis or total replacement of a lobe, we recommend enucleation as the surgical procedures of choice for the treatment of hepatic haemangiomas.  相似文献
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