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1.
We retrospectively reviewed 54 patients (92 hips) who underwent cementless total hip arthroplasty for bony ankylosis in ankylosing spondylitis between September 1988 and 2002. The mean age of the patients was 25.5 years. The mean duration of follow-up was 8.5 years. The average preoperative Harris Hip Score of 49.5 improved to 82.6 postoperatively. Postoperatively, 10 hips had mild to moderate pain. Anterior dislocation occurred in 4 (4.3%) hips, and sciatic nerve palsy in 1 (1.1%) hip. Heterotopic ossification was seen in 12 patients; reankylosis rate was 0%. Thirteen (14%) arthroplasties were revised because of aseptic loosening. Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis with revision as end point revealed 98.8% survival at 5 years and 85.8% survival at 8.5 years follow-up.  相似文献
2.
PURPOSE: The role of laparoscopy in the management of large renal tumors (more than 7 cm) is not clearly established. We prospectively evaluated the feasibility, safety and long-term results of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for large renal tumors (T2N0M0) and compared the results with those of open radical nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1998 and 2006, 112 patients with clinical stage T2N0M0 renal carcinoma underwent radical nephrectomy at our institution. Clinical data were prospectively collected after categorizing the patients into group 1-41 with laparoscopy and group 2-71 with open surgery. The choice of procedure was nonrandomized and it depended on patient and surgeon preference and experience. RESULTS: The 2 groups were contemporary and comparable in terms of age, body mass index and mean tumor size (9.9 and 10.1 cm, respectively). Concomitant adrenalectomy was performed in 14 patients (34%) in group 1 and in 29 (41%) in group 2. Limited (hilar) lymphadenectomy was performed in 30 patients (73%) in group 1 and in 58 (81%) in group 2. Group 1 patients experienced significantly less blood loss, and had a decreased analgesic requirement, shorter hospital stay and more rapid convalescence, although they required longer operative time (180.8 vs 165.3 minutes, p=0.029). The 2 groups were followed for a similar period (mean 51.4 vs 57.2 months) and there was no difference in 5-year survival data. There were no local or port site recurrences. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for clinical stage T2 renal tumors is effective with the advantages of less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, decreased analgesic requirement and rapid recovery compared with open radical nephrectomy. Long-term results are also similar in the 2 groups of patients. Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for large tumors is a technically difficult, challenging procedure and it should be attempted by surgeons with significant experience.  相似文献
3.
Bonnelye E  Chabadel A  Saltel F  Jurdic P 《BONE》2008,42(1):129-138
Strontium ranelate is a newly developed drug that has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures, including those of the hip, in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. In contrast to other available treatments for osteoporosis, strontium ranelate increases bone formation and decreases resorption. In this study, the dual mode of action of strontium ranelate in bone was tested in vitro, on primary murine osteoblasts and osteoclasts derived from calvaria and spleen cells, respectively. We show that strontium ranelate treatment, either continuously or during proliferation or differentiation phases of mouse calvaria cells, stimulates osteoblast formation. Indeed after 22 days of continuous treatment with strontium ranelate, the expression of the osteoblast markers ALP, BSP and OCN was increased, and was combined with an increase in bone nodule numbers. On the other hand, the number of mature osteoclasts strongly decreased after strontium ranelate treatment. Similarly to previous studies, we confirm that osteoclasts resorbing activity was also reduced but we found that strontium ranelate treatment was associated with a disruption of the osteoclast actin-containing sealing zone. Therefore, our in vitro assays performed on primary murine bone cells confirmed the dual action of strontium ranelate in vivo as an anabolic agent on bone remodeling. It stimulates bone formation through its positive action on osteoblast differentiation and function, and decreases osteoclast differentiation as well as function by disrupting actin cytoskeleton organization.  相似文献
4.
Background. Quantitative reviews of postoperative pain managementhave demonstrated that the number of patients needed to treatfor one patient to achieve at least 50% pain relief (NNT) is2.7 for ibuprofen (400 mg) and 4.6 for paracetamol (1000 mg),both compared with placebo. However, direct comparisons betweenparacetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)have not been extensively reviewed. The aims of this revieware (i) to compare the analgesic and adverse effects of paracetamolwith those of other NSAIDs in postoperative pain, (ii) to comparethe effects of combined paracetamol and NSAID with those ofeither drug alone, and (iii) to discuss whether the adverseeffects of NSAIDs in short-term use are justified by their analgesiceffects, compared with paracetamol. Methods. Medline (1966 to January 2001) and the Cochrane Library(January 2001) were used to perform a systematic, qualitativereview of postoperative pain studies comparing paracetamol (minimum1000 mg) with NSAID in a double-blind, randomized manner.A quantitative review was not performed as too many studiesof high scientific standard (27 out of 41 valid studies, includingall major surgery studies) would have been excluded. Results. NSAIDs were clearly more effective in dental surgery,whereas the efficacy of NSAIDs and paracetamol seemed withoutsubstantial differences in major and orthopaedic surgery, althoughfirm conclusions could not be made because the number of studieswas limited. The addition of an NSAID to paracetamol may conferadditional analgesic efficacy compared with paracetamol alone,and the limited data available also suggest that paracetamolmay enhance analgesia when added to an NSAID, compared withNSAIDs alone. Conclusion. Paracetamol is a viable alternative to the NSAIDs,especially because of the low incidence of adverse effects,and should be the preferred choice in high-risk patients. Itmay be appropriate to combine paracetamol with NSAIDs, but futurestudies are required, especially after major surgery, with specificfocus on a potential increase in side-effects from their combineduse. Br J Anaesth 2002; 88: 199–214  相似文献
5.
Enalapril dosage in steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome   总被引:5,自引:5,他引:4  
We have examined, in a randomized crossover trial, the antiproteinuric effect of treatment with low- (0.2 mg/kg daily) and high-dose (0.6 mg/kg daily) enalapril in 25 consecutive patients with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Patients in group A (n=11) received enalapril at low doses for 8 weeks, followed by 2 weeks of washout and then at high doses for 8 weeks. Those in group B (n=14) initially received enalapril at high and then low doses. Patients continued to receive treatment with tapering doses of prednisolone; none received concomitant therapy with daily oral or intravenous steroids, alkylating agents, cyclosporine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and other antihypertensive medications. The urine albumin-to-creatinine (Ua/Uc) ratio and the percentage reduction were determined for each phase of therapy. Baseline clinical, biochemical, and histological features were comparable in the two groups. In the first phase, treatment with low-dose enalapril (group A) resulted in median 34.8% Ua/Uc reduction compared with 62.9% with high doses (group B) (P<0.01). High-dose enalapril was associated with a significant reduction in Ua/Uc ratio in both groups. The combined median Ua/Uc (95% confidence interval) reduction in the low-dose phase was 33% (–10.3% to 72.4%) and in the high-dose 52% (15.4%–70.4%) (P<0.05). The median Ua/Uc ratio at the end of 20 weeks was 1.1 and 1.8 in groups A and B, respectively (P>0.05). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure reductions were similar in both groups. No period or carry-over effect was found. Prolonged treatment with enalapril thus resulted in a dose-related reduction in nephrotic-range proteinuria. Titration of the dose of enalapril may be a useful strategy for achieving substantial reduction of proteinuria in children with SRNS.  相似文献
6.
Twin studies indicate a substantial genetic component in the development of osteoporosis. One of the latest studied candidate genes is the one coding for methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) (C677T) in which a point mutation gives rise to a thermolabile variant of MTHFR. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of this mutation on peripheral measures of bone density and on the odds ratios (OR) for hip and lower forearm fracture in a case control study of Danish postmenopausal women. A total of 74 women with lower forearm fracture, 41 women with hip fracture, and 207 age-matched controls were included. All had broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and speed of sound (SOS) measured at the heel as well as bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry at the distal forearm. The MTHFR (C677T) genotypes were determined using polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Only 2 of 21 individuals with the TT genotype had sustained a fracture as opposed to 46 of 142 with the CT genotype and 67 of 159 with the CC genotype (P = 0.007). Using logistic regression, the following odds ratios were found when comparing the individuals homozygotic for the C-allele with those homozygotic for the T-allele: lower forearm fracture OR = 3.93 (1.25; 12.40, P = 0.02), hip fracture OR = 6.99 (l.35; 36.92, P = 0.02) and the fractures combined OR = 4.33 (1.73; 10.81, P = 0.002). In this study, the MTHFR (C677T) genotypes were not significantly associated with BMD at the lower forearm or with ultrasound parameters measured at the calcaneus. However, a significant increase in the odds ratio of fracture was found for the wild-type C-allele.  相似文献
7.
Acute pyelonephritis (APN) may produce permanent renal damage (PRD), which can subsequently lead to diverse complications. We prospectively evaluated 147 females and 122 males (mean age 3.5 years) with APN in order to analyze the relationship between the presence of PRD, at the time of cortical renal scintigraphy, and age, gender, episodes of urinary tract infection (UTI), and presence of vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). There were 152 children studied after the first proven UTI. VUR was present in 150 children. PRD was observed in 170 children. There were no significant differences between boys and girls. PRD was found in 36.4% of children younger than 1 year and in 70.1% of those older than 1 year (P<0.0001). Of children with VUR, 72% had PRD compared with 52% of children without VUR (P<0.0001). Of children with a first episode of UTI, 55.9% developed PRD as did 72.6% of those with recurrent UTI (P=0.004). Our results showed that PRD in children with APN is important, especially in the presence of VUR, recurrent UTI, and older age.  相似文献
8.

INTRODUCTION

Haemangioma is the most common liver tumour. Treatment is indicated for symptomatic tumours, rapid increase in size, rupture or doubt in diagnosis. There is continuing debate regarding the ideal method of surgical treatment for liver haemangiomas, with some surgeons favouring enucleation over liver resection.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

Retrospective analysis of prospectively compiled database of patients who were surgically treated for liver haemangioma.

RESULTS

Between 1987 and 2003, we operated on 21 patients with liver haemangioma. Pre-operative diagnosis on imaging was made in 16 patients (13 symptomatic, 3 had progressive increase in size). In five patients, the indication of surgery was uncertain diagnosis. Enucleation was performed in 9 patients and liver resection in 12. The size of the haemangioma was similar in the enucleation and resection groups (8.9 cm versus 10 cm; P = 0.85). The mean intra-operatiive blood loss was significantly less in the enucleation group (400 ml versus 1330 ml; P = 0.004). The mean operative time was significantly less in the enucleation group as compared to the resection group (170 min versus 230 min; P = 0.035). Five patients had major postoperative morbidity in the resection group as compared to none in the enucleation group (P = 0.045). The duration of hospital stay was significantly longer in the resection group.(9.9 days versus 5.6 days; P = 0.005).

CONCLUSIONS

Enucleation of liver haemangiomas is safer, quicker and associated with less morbidity than liver resection. Except for some situations, such as uncertain diagnosis or total replacement of a lobe, we recommend enucleation as the surgical procedures of choice for the treatment of hepatic haemangiomas.  相似文献
9.
Harmancey R  Senard JM  Rouet P  Pathak A  Smih F 《Diabetes》2007,56(3):553-563
We generated preadipocyte cell lines impaired in adrenomedullin production through integration of an adrenomedullin small interfering RNA expression vector. The reduction of adrenomedullin synthesis strongly accelerated adipose differentiation. These results were bolstered when overexpression of active adrenomedullin peptide led to delayed differentiation. Therefore, we propose that adrenomedullin is an antiadipogenic factor. Moreover, we checked whether insulin, a proadipogenic factor, regulates expression of adrenomedullin. We observed that insulin had an inhibitory effect on adrenomedullin expression in isolated human adipocyte cells. This response was dose dependent and was reversed by resistin, a new anti-insulin agent. We quantified circulating adrenomedullin in healthy obese patients and observed a threefold increase of adrenomedullin compared with lean patients. Furthermore, adrenomedullin plasma levels are negatively correlated to plasma insulin levels in these obese patients. The insulin inhibitory response was also observed in vivo in Sprague-Dawley rats but not in the insulin-resistant Zucker rat, suggesting that adrenomedullin expression is upregulated in insulin-resistant adipose cells. Using adrenomedullin promoter-luciferase reporter gene constructs, we have shown that the adrenomedullin response to insulin is mediated by insulin-responsive elements. These findings provide new insight into fat mass development and the relationship between obesity and elevated circulating adrenomedullin levels in diabetic patients.  相似文献
10.
Sealing of cystic duct with bipolar electrocoagulation   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
Background: The cystic duct leakage rate is still high. The aim of this study was to evaluate an alternative technique for securing the cystic duct using the Ligasure vessel sealing system. Methods: Eight pigs were included in this pilot study. We performed a cholecystectomy, using the Ligasure system to sealing the cystic duct and artery. The pigs were killed 8 days after operation, and specimens of the cystic duct and common bile duct were removed for pathologic examination. Results: There were no clinical complications other than two superficial wound infections. The sealing of the cystic duct and artery were both macroscopically and microscopically 100% sufficient. The maximum extension of the coagulative process in the sealed ducts was 0.25 mm on each side of the sealed area. Conclusions: The Ligasure system seems promising for securing the cystic duct and artery during cholecystectomy. Future studies should evaluate safety with this technique on a larger scale.  相似文献
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