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CR、CT、MRI在骨肿瘤诊断中的临床价值   总被引:12,自引:6,他引:6  
[目的]评价计算机X线摄影(CR)、CT、磁共振成像(MRl)在骨肿瘤诊断中的临床价值。[方法]回顾分析55例经病理证实的影像学资料,其中55例均有CR平片,21例CT扫描,20例做了MRI检查。[结果]55例中51例CR片清晰显示骨质改变,40例CR片清晰显示病灶边界,20例CR片清晰显示骨膜反应,19例CR片清晰显示病灶内有大小不一钙化。21例行CT扫描病例均清晰显示骨质改变、病灶边界、病灶内有大小不一钙化,8例清晰显示骨膜反应。20例做了MRI检查病例均清晰显示病灶边界及软组织肿块,8例显示相应骨髓水肿。[结论]CR片仍为骨肿瘤的首选检查方法,CT较好显示了肿瘤的范围及细微结构,MRI对显示肿瘤的范围、软组织肿块及相应骨髓水肿有明显优势。三者相结合有助于骨肿瘤的诊断。  相似文献
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[目的]分析肋骨骨纤维异常增殖症的X线与CT的影像学表现,探讨其特点与病理之间的关系。[方法]分析30例由手术病理证实的肋骨骨纤维异常增殖症的X线与CT特点。[结果]由于病理上骨组织成分的不同,肋骨骨纤维异常增殖症在X线片和CT上可表现为膨胀性骨质破坏、丝瓜络样、磨玻璃样密度的改变。[结论]大多肋骨骨纤维异常增殖症具有较典型的影像学表现,X线片可显示病变的整体观,但CT可从横断面来显示病变的内部结构、比邻组织的关系,同时可测量CT值,在肋骨骨纤维异常增殖症的诊断和鉴别诊断中有重要价值。  相似文献
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Background

Thymosin beta 10 (TMSB10) has recently been recognized as being an important player in the metastatic cascade including tumor angiogenesis, invasion, and metastasis. However, a role for this protein in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has not yet been established.

Methods

Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine the expression of TMSB10 messenger RNA in 36 cases of thyroid tissue samples: normal thyroid, PTC without lymph node metastases (LNM) and PTC with LNM (n = 12 cases in each subgroup). For immunohistochemistry, 130 patients with PTC were selected during the period of 2004–2005, 91 with and 39 without LNM. Statistical analysis was applied to evaluate the correlation between TMSB10 expression and LNM of PTC.

Results

By real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis, the expression of TMSB10 messenger RNA in normal thyroid tissue, PTC without LNM, and PTC with LNM tissue were significantly different (P < 0.0001). On immunohistochemistry analysis of 130 patients with PTC, in which 91 cases had cervical LNM and 69 cases had central neck LNM, high expression levels for TMSB10 were more common in patients with cervical LNM compared with patients without (81% versus 33%, P < 0.001). Similarly, high expression levels of TMSB10 were more common in patients with central neck LNM compared with those without (87.0% versus 44.3%, P < 0.001).

Conclusions

High expression levels of TMSB10 correlated with LNM in PTC, especially in the central neck region. Patients with PTC with low levels of TMSB10 expression may be unlikely to have central neck LNM and could therefore avoid prophylactic central neck dissection.  相似文献
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目的探讨计算机x线摄影(CR)静脉肾盂造影在体外碎石中的临床价值。方法回顾性分析71例行体外碎石治疗的泌尿系结石患者静脉肾盂造影影像资料,碎石前造影51例,碎石同时造影20例。结果71例患者中62例肾功能良好,9例肾功能受损。结石≤1.5cm的65例,一次击碎64例(98.46%),一次排净率为56例(86.15%);〉1.5cm者6例,均经两次或两次以上碎石方能排净。结论CR静脉肾盂造影能准确定位泌尿系结石,同时能准确反映肾功能,有利于泌尿系结石患者体外碎石治疗。  相似文献
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