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Abstract: Parker, Tupling & Brown's Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), a self-rating scale for the measurement of perceived rearing attitudes of parents, was translated into Japanese and distributed to final-year high school students and to their parents. For each PBI score, ratings of each parent, made independently by family members, were weakly but significantly correlated. The social desirability score showed only a modest correlation to PBI scores. A factor analysis of the data, limiting the number of the factors retained to two, resulted in factor loading patterns similar to those reported by Parker, Tupling & Brown.  相似文献
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目的 对中文版精神分裂症认知功能成套测验(MCCB)的信度及效度进行临床测试.方法 对122例符合美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册第4版精神分裂症诊断标准的住院患者(患者组)进行MCCB测验,4周后重测,同期接受威斯康星卡片分类测验(WCST)、瑞文推理测验(RAVEN)、色词测验(Stroop)及阳性和阴性症状量表(PANSS)测查;并与122名性别、年龄和文化程度与患者组相匹配的社区正常人(对照组)进行比较.结果 (1)MCCB重测相关系数为0.88,P<0.001;(2)评定者间组内相关系数为0.97,P<0.001;(3)MCCB的A、B版本间的复本相关系数为0.64~0.74,P<0.001;A、B版本间的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);(4)患者组各个分测验得分均低于对照组(P<0.001);逻辑回归分析,用MCCB区分精神分裂症患者与正常人,符合率达到84.8%(P<0.001),敏感性83.6%,特异性86.1%;(5)关联效度:MCCB与WCST、RAVEN和Stroop呈显著性相关(r=0.54~0.55),P<0.001;(6)结构效度:验证性因素分析证明中文版MCCB与英文版7个维度结构模型拟合良好;(7)MCCB平均完成时间为(58±10)min,耐受性和操作性达到中等偏上水平.结论 中文版MCCB的重测信度、评定者间信度、同质性信度、复本信度、关联效度、结构效度和效标效度等指标满足心理测量学要求,MCCB作为精神分裂症患者认知功能疗效评估的新标准,值得进一步修订和完善.  相似文献
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去骨瓣减压术治疗大面积脑梗死的有效性研究   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
目的 探讨去骨瓣减压术治疗大面积脑梗死的有效性.方法 回顾性分析65例大面积脑梗死患者,根据患者手术时机的不同分为Ⅰa组14例(患者出现颞叶沟回疝时行去骨瓣减压术),Ⅰb组12例(患者出现早期意识改变和/或中线偏移≥10mm时行去骨瓣减压术);相对应同期内科保守治疗患者分为Ⅱa组20例(患者病程中出现颞叶沟回疝),Ⅱb组19例(患者病程中未出现颞叶沟回疝).将4组患者配为3对,Ⅰa对Ⅱa;Ⅰb对Ⅱb;Ⅰa对Ⅰb,观测其30d时死亡率、治疗前及治疗后30d神经功能缺损程度.结果 在病程不同阶段给予去骨瓣减压术与保守治疗相比均可明显降低死亡率(P<0.05),但脑疝时手术与早期手术死亡率无显著性差异(P>0.05).脑疝时行去骨瓣减压术与发生过脑疝而行保守治疗的患者在30d时神经功能缺损程度无显著性差异(P>0.05),而早期手术患者比保守治疗及脑疝时手术患者在30d时神经功能缺损程度存在显著性差异(P<0.05).结论 去骨瓣减压术可明显降低大面积脑梗死患者死亡率,早期手术可改善病人的临床神经功能.  相似文献
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Summary: Seizure severity scales have recently been identified as an important additional outcome measure in trials of new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The National Hospital Seizure Severity Scale (NHS3) is presented as a refined version of the Chalfont Seizure Severity Scale. The principal advantages of the new version are that it is quicker and simpler to apply, the limits of reliability are now clearly defined, and construct validity for the scale is available. The scale is administered by a health professional during an interview with a patient and a witness to the seizures. It contains seven seizure-related factors and generates a score from 1 to 27. An intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.90 was obtained during interobserver and test-retest reliability assessment, suggesting that the scale is sufficiently reliable for group studies. Scores for an individual patient should be interpreted with caution in light of the limits of agreement obtained. Validation experiments indicate that NHS3 measures seizure severity in a manner compatible with the subjective impression of people with epilepsy. We suggest that the NHS3 is a valid, easily applicable measure of seizure severity that is acceptably reliable for use in trials of novel AEDs.  相似文献
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Summary: Purpose: We report the development of a questionnaire to assess health-related quality of-life (HRQOL) in people with epilepsy and the process of cross-cultural translations of the questionnaire.
Methods: A sample of 304 adults with epilepsy from 25 seizure clinics in the United States was used to derive an abbreviated questionnaire focusing on epilepsy-related issues from a longer, 89-item instrument (QOLIE-89). A rigorous forward-backward-forward system was used for cross-cultural translation.
Results: A 31-item questionnaire (QOLIE-31, version 1.0) resulted, comprising seven subscales covering genral and epilepsy-specific domains. Subscale and total scores can be calculated. The subscales were grouped into two factors: Emotional/Psychological Effects (seizure worry, overall QOL, emotional well-being, energy/fatigue subscales) and Medical/Social Effects (medication effects, work-driving-social limits, cognitive function subscales). Cross-cultural translations were made from U.S.-English into Danish, Dutch, German, Canadian French, French, Italian, Spanish, Swedish, and U.K. English Versions 1.1.
Conclusions: Our results support the reliability and validity of the QOLIE-31 (U.S.-English version 1.0) as a measure of HRQOLIE. Cross-cultural translations into nine other languages make it feasible to use the QOLIE-31 (version 1.1) in multinational clinical trials after validation in each population or concurrent with clinical trial.  相似文献
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广泛性焦虑量表在综合性医院的信度和效度研究   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
目的检验中文版广泛性焦虑量表(GAD-7)在综合性医院普通门诊患者中的信度与效度。方法 600名综合性医院普通门诊患者完成GAD-7、医院焦虑抑郁量表、汉密顿焦虑量表(HA-MA)的评定。随机抽取其中44名进行GAD-7重测;96名接受美国精神障碍诊断和统计手册第4版临床定式访谈(SCID)。计算GAD-7的信度系数、敏感度、特异度等。结果 GAD-7的Cronbach’α系数为0.898,重测信度系数为0.856。GAD-7与HADS总分及焦虑分量表分值和HAMA总分相关系数分别为0.663、0.822和0.841。在GAD-7分解值取10分时,灵敏度和特异度分别为86.2%和95.5%,Kappa值为0.825。结论中文版本GAD-7在综合性医院普通门诊患者应用中具有较好的信度和效度。  相似文献
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The factor structure of the Dutch translation of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ; a continuous, quantitative measure of autistic traits) was evaluated with confirmatory factor analyses in a large general population and student sample. The criterion validity of the AQ was examined in three matched patient groups (autism spectrum conditions (ASC), social anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder). A two factor model, consisting of a "Social interaction" factor and "Attention to detail" factor could be identified. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability of the AQ were satisfactory. High total AQ and factor scores were specific to ASC patients. Men scored higher than women and science students higher than non-science students. The Dutch translation of the AQ is a reliable instrument to assess autism spectrum conditions.  相似文献
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In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) that was developed by Barsky et al. in the Turkish population. The study was carried out with 42 patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome and Asthma Diseases attending to outpatient Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation and Chest Diseases clinics and 86 healthy students from Karadeniz Technical University. SSAS scores were normally distributed, and had acceptable test-retest reliability (r: 0.73) and internal consistency (alpha, 0.62-0.76). Item to scale correlations varied from 0.10 to 0.72, and most were highly significant. Whereas, one item (item 1) in the control group and one item (item 2) in the patients group had low item-total score correlation (r < 0.15). Criterion related validity of the SSAS was shown with significant correlation between the Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Symptom Check List 90 Revised somatization subscale. The validity analysis of the scale resulted in a very high significant difference (P < 0.01) between the mean SSAS scores of the control and patient's group. Test-retest, internal reliability, and item-total score correlation, discriminating power for specific groups and criterion related validity of the SSAS show that the scale has acceptable reliability and validity for the Turkish population.  相似文献
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The present study had two aims. The first was to evaluate the reliability and the validity of the Japanese version of the World Health Organization (WHO)-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5-J) as a brief well-being scale. The second was to examine the discriminatory validity of this test as a screening tool for current depressive episodes in diabetic patients. A sample of 129 diabetic patients completed the WHO-5-J. Of these, 65 were also interviewed by psychiatrists to assess whether they had any current depressive episodes according to DSM-IV. The internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha, the Loevinger coefficient of homogeneity, and factor analysis. The external concurrent validity was evaluated by correlations with the external scales potentially related to subjective well-being. Discriminatory validity was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. Cronbach's alpha and the Loevinger coefficient were estimated to be 0.89 and 0.65, respectively. A factor analysis identified only one factor. The WHO-5-J was significantly correlated with a number of major diabetic complications, depression, anxiety, and subjective quality of life. ROC analysis showed that the WHO-5-J can be used to detect a current depressive episode (area under curve: 0.92; 95% confidence interval: 0.85-0.98). A cut-off of <13 yielded the best sensitivity/specificity trade-off: sensitivity, 100%; specificity, 78%. The WHO-5-J was thus found to have a sufficient reliability and validity, indicating that it is a useful instrument for detecting current depressive episodes in diabetic patients.  相似文献
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