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1.
应用神经内镜手术治疗脑囊虫   总被引:22,自引:2,他引:20  
目的:探讨应用神经内镜治疗脑囊虫的方法和意义。方法:应用神经内镜探查、冲洗、摘除脑囊虫。结果:10例脑室内囊虫,2例脑实质囊虫(形成囊性占位效应)摘除,2例行脑室-腹腔分流。14例均疗效满意。无明显并发症。结论:用神经内镜治疗服囊虫具有安全、高效、并发症少的优势。  相似文献
2.
Summary The efficacy of different regimens of therapy for parenchymal brain cysticercosis either with praziquantel (PZQ) or with albendazole (ALB) was compared in 114 patients. Four schemes of treatment were used: PZQ 50 mg/kg per day for 15 days, PZQ 50 mg/kg per day for 8 days, ALB 15 mg/kg per day for 30 days, and ALB 15 mg/kg per day for 8 days. Three months after therapy, it was apparent that both PZQ and ALB were effective, as shown by the disappearance of cystic lesions in computed tomographic scans. Thirty-three control patients followed for a mean of 11 months had no spontaneous remission of lesions. When comparing PZQ with ALB, the latter was found to be more effective than the former for both the full and the short course of treatment: 85% vs 60% and 85% vs 48% disappearence of lesions, respectively (P<0.001). Comparison of the full vs the short course of PZQ showed that the short course had a further 12% reduction in durg effectiveness. In contrast, the length of ALB therapy could be shortened without lessening its efficacy. Based on these results, an 8-day course of ALB is recommended as treatment for parenchymal brain cysticercosis; a 15-day course of PZQ could be subsequently used in those patients who show only partial response to ALB.  相似文献
3.
Neuron-specific enolase in patients with neurocysticercosis   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
BACKGROUND: Neurocysticercosis (NC) is the most frequent parasitic disease of the human nervous system. Its clinical manifestations are varied and depend on the number and location of cysts, as well as the host immune response. Symptoms in NC usually occur when cysts enter into a degenerative phase associated with perilesional inflammation. We speculate that neuron-specific enolase (NSE)--a marker of neuronal injury--could be elevated in patients with degenerating cysts comparing to those with viable cysts. METHODS: We examined serum NSE (sNSE) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NSE (cNSE) levels in 25 patients with NC: 14 patients with degenerative cysts (D), 8 patients with viable cysts (V) and 3 patients with inactive cysts. Samples of eight normal controls (C) were also obtained. Determination of albumin was performed in serum and CSF samples, and the CSF/serum albumin ratio (albumin quotient, Q(alb)) was used to estimate the blood-brain barrier permeability. RESULTS: All patients, with the exception of one case, had five or less cysts. Comparisons between V, D and C groups did not demonstrate significant differences of cNSE, Q(alb) and sNSE levels. Further, there were no significant differences of cNSE and sNSE levels between patients with or without intracranial hypertension (ICH). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the inflammatory response associated with a relatively small number of degenerating cysts does not provoke significant neuronal damage. Further studies considering patients with a larger number of cysts will be required to assess if there is evidence of neuronal damage in such more severe cases.  相似文献
4.
To characterize the clinical profile and the prognostic factors of the epilepsy due to parenchymal neurocysticercosis (NCC) 143 patients were analysed. Patients (62 men, 81 women) had a mean age at epilepsy onset of 29 years (range 2-71), mean epilepsy duration of 16 years (range 1-58) and mean follow-up of 5.2 years. Seizures were generalised tonic-clonic (GTC) in 50 patients (35%), simple partial (SP) in 66 (46%) and complex partial (CP) in 27 (19%). Epilepsy began as a single seizure in 73% and as a cluster of seizures or status epilepticus in 27%. Seizures were controlled in 64% of patients. Multivariate analysis revealed that significant prognostic factors associated with seizure control were type of seizures and age at epilepsy onset. Control is more likely in GTC and SP seizures and in patients with a higher age at seizures onset. Our analysis establishes that epilepsy due to NCC is a heterogeneous syndrome concerning age and mode of onset, seizure type, duration of epilepsy and pattern of evolution probably related with different pathogenic mechanisms.  相似文献
5.
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether serum S100B levels could reflect a glial response in patients with epilepsy secondary to neurocysticercosis (NCC) and with idiopathic epilepsy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum S100B levels were measured using an immunoluminometric assay in 20 patients with focal epilepsy related to chronic NCC (NCC group), and 19 patients with focal epilepsy (EPI group), matched by epidemiological and clinical data. Epileptic patients were compared with 20 healthy controls (CON group) matched by age and sex. RESULTS: No difference was observed in S100B levels among NCC, EPI and CON groups (P>0.39). Serum S100B levels were not affected by antiepileptic drugs, frequency and type of seizures. Preliminarily, significantly higher levels of S100B were observed in patients with bilateral electroencephalographic (EEG) findings than in patients with unilateral and normal EEG findings (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Serum S100B is normal in patients with focal epilepsy related or not to chronic NCC.  相似文献
6.
Unusual form of neurocysticercosis associated with HIV infection   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Concurrent infection with Taenia solium and HIV would be expected to occur more frequently because of the increasing frequency of HIV infection in endemic areas of cysticercosis. However, little is known about the influence of HIV infection on the frequency and the clinical course of cysticercosis. Giant cysts and racemose forms of neurocysticercosis seem to be more frequent in HIV-infected patients and may be secondary to an uncontrolled parasitic growth because of an impaired cell-mediated immune response. We report an unusual case of epidural spinal racemose neurocysticercosis revealed by compression of cauda equina in an HIV-infected man and discuss the potential interactions between T. solium and HIV infections.  相似文献
7.
四脑室囊虫病的诊断和治疗   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
目的 探讨四脑室囊虫病的诊断及治疗方法。方法 对我院2000年1月~2006年11月收治的15例四脑室囊虫病患者进行回顾性总结、分析。结果 CT扫描示脑积水、四脑室囊状扩张,4例可见囊虫头节;MRI矢状位T1加权像示四脑室内有一囊性病灶,10例可见囊虫头节。血清囊虫ELISA检查10例阳性。13例术后颅高压症状均立即解除,2例误诊为脑积水,摘除囊虫后症状消失,随访1.5年未见复发。结论 MRI是诊断四脑室囊虫病的首选影像学检查方法,血清囊虫ELISA检查简便,可协助诊断。枕下正中入路四脑室囊虫摘除术是有效的治疗方法。  相似文献
8.
High-dose praziquantel for neurocysticercosis: serum and CSF concentrations   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Serum and CSF concentrations of praziquantel were analyzed in 8 patients with active neurocysticercosis aged 35 +/- 16 (mean +/- sd) years, in order to determine factors that may improve the therapeutic ratio. Praziquantel was given orally at 6-h intervals for 10 days at a daily dose of 100 mg/kg. Serum concentrations were determined at 1, 2 and 4 h, and CSF concentrations at 2 h after the morning dose. Peak serum concentrations occurred between 1 and 2 h after administration. There was a trend towards a drop in serum concentration from Days 1 through 5 to 10 of therapy. A fourfold increase in oral dose led to an eightfold rise in serum and CSF concentration, indicating saturation of hepatic metabolism. There were linear correlations (p less than 0.01) between serum and CSF concentrations of praziquantel, indicating free flow across the blood-brain barrier, above an apparent threshold, which may be related to occupation of plasma protein-binding sites. The results indicate that monitoring of serum concentrations may be clinically useful.  相似文献
9.
Infections are probably the most common preventable cause of epilepsy worldwide. There are concerns that endemic infections and infestations, such as malaria and neurocysticercosis, could be responsible for the increased incidence of epilepsy in the developing world. Cases of epilepsy associated with neurocysticercosis are also being seen increasingly in developed countries due to migration from, and travel to, endemic areas. When prescribing antimicrobial agents in patients with epilepsy a number of issues need to be considered, such as potential adverse effects on seizure control and interactions with concomitant antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Some antimicrobial agents, including penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, quinolones and antimalarials, can have proconvulsant activity and may precipitate seizures, even in patients who do not have epilepsy. Moreover, many antimicrobials increase or decrease the plasma levels of AEDs, whereas some AEDs may adversely affect the efficacy of antimicrobials.  相似文献
10.
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