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1.
抑郁症的睡眠质量及其相关影响因素   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
目的了解保定市抑郁症睡眠质量特点及其相关影响因素。方法采用多阶段分层整群抽样方法随机抽取≥18周岁的人群,共10073名,用扩展的一般健康问卷(GHQ-12)将调查对象分为高、中、低危险组,以美国精神障碍诊断与统计手册-第四版(DSM—Ⅳ)轴Ⅰ障碍定式临床检查病人版(SCID—L/P)对调查对象进行抑郁症的诊断。以匹兹堡睡眠质量指数(PSQI)评定睡眠质量。结果8773人完成了TPSQI调查,抑郁症现患125例,睡眠障碍(PSQI总分〉7)的发生比率为68.8%;PSQI总分与有无支持群体、社会环境、教育、职业、住房、经济、卫生保健、法律与犯罪等社会心理与环境问题无相关。结论睡眠障碍是抑郁症的常见症状,受社会心理与环境问题的影响较小。  相似文献
2.
BACKGROUND: Suicide and depressive disorders are strongly associated, yet not all depressed patients commit suicide. Genetic factors may partly explain this difference. We investigated whether variation at the tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH2) gene and its 5' upstream region may predispose to suicide in major depressive disorder (MDD) and whether this predisposition is mediated by impulsive-aggressive behaviors (IABs). METHODS: We genotyped 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 259 depressed subjects, 114 of which committed suicide while depressed. Phenotypic assessments were carried out by means of proxy-based interviews. Single-marker and haplotype association analyses were conducted. Differences in behavioral and personality traits according to genotypic variation were investigated, as well as genetic and clinical predictors of suicide. RESULTS: We found two upstream and two intronic SNPs associated with suicide. No direct effect of these variants was observed on IABs. However, a slight association with reward dependence scores was found. Controlling for suicide risk factors, two SNPs (rs4448731 and rs4641527) significantly predicted suicide, along with cluster B personality disorders and family history of suicide. CONCLUSIONS: The TPH2 gene and its 5' upstream region variants may be involved in the predisposition to suicide in MDD; however, our findings do not support the role of IABs as mediators.  相似文献
3.
BACKGROUND: As patients with mood disorders manifest heterogeneity in phenomenology, pathophysiology, etiology, and treatment response, a biological classification of mental disease is urgently needed to advance research. Patient and methodological variability complicates the comparison of neuroimaging study results and limits heuristic model development and a biologically-based diagnostic schema. OBJECTIVE: We have critically reviewed and compared the magnetic resonance neuroimaging literature to determine the degree and directionality of volumetric changes in brain regions putatively implicated in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) versus bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: A total of 140 published magnetic resonance imaging investigations evaluating subjects with BD or MDD were selected to provide a summary and interpretation of volumetric neuroimaging results in MDD and BD. Further commentary on the pathophysiological implications, and putative cellular and pharmacological mechanisms, is also provided. RESULTS: While whole brain volumes of patients with mood disorders do not differ from those of healthy controls, regional deficits in the frontal lobe, particularly in the anterior cingulate and the orbitofrontal cortex, appear to consistently differentiate subjects with mood disorders from the general population. Preliminary findings also suggest that subcortical structures, particularly the striatum, amygdala, and hippocampus, may be differentially affected in MDD and BD. CONCLUSIONS: Structural neuroimaging studies have consistently identified regional abnormalities in subjects with mood disorders. Future studies should strive to definitively establish the influence of age and medication.  相似文献
4.
背景双相障碍常未被识别或被误诊为单相抑郁。明确未被识别或被误诊的双相障碍者的临床特征有助于减少错误分类。目的调查门诊抑郁症患者中未被识别的双相障碍者的比例,并分析未被识别的双相障碍者的临床特征。方法使用32项轻躁狂症状清单(Hypomania Checklist-32,HCL-32)、心境障碍问卷(Mood Disorder Questionnaire,MDQ)和简明国际神经精神访谈(Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview,MINI)对目前被诊断为抑郁症的100例门诊患者进行调查。对被重新诊断为双相障碍与仍然被诊断为抑郁症的患者的临床特征进行比较分析。结果共有29例(29%)抑郁症门诊患者被诊断为双相障碍;其中双相Ⅰ型6例,双相Ⅱ型23例。与未更改诊断的抑郁症者相比,被重新诊断为双相障碍者年龄轻、起病早、发病次数多、受教育程度高,多为复发性抑郁且多伴精神病性症状。多因素Logistic回归分析显示年龄(OR=0.55,95%CI=0.34~0.89)和精神病性症状(OR=9.12,95%CI=1.56~53.26)是双相障碍的独立危险因素。结论在门诊抑郁症患者中未被识别的双相障碍比例较高,尤其是双相Ⅱ型。与单相抑郁相比,诊断为抑郁症而为未被识别的双相障碍者年龄轻,更可能伴有精神病性症状。  相似文献
5.
北京地区综合医院患者抑郁障碍的患病率   总被引:3,自引:2,他引:1  
目的 了解综合医院患者抑郁障碍(目前为抑郁发作的心境障碍)的患病率.方法 由精神科护士采用抑郁症诊断筛查量表对分层抽样的北京50家综合医院顺序就诊的2877例门诊患者和2925例住院患者进行筛查,然后由精神科医师在盲法下采用美国<精神障碍诊断与统计手册>第4版(DSM-IV)配套的轴Ⅰ障碍用临床定式检查患者版(SCID-I/P)>对筛查阳性和10%筛查阴性者进行半定式精神科检查,以确定最后诊断.结果 综合医院患者抑郁障碍的现患率、年患病率和终生患病率分别为5.23%、5.72%和8.22%;其中重性抑郁障碍的相应患病率分别为2.94%、3.46%和5.32%.结论 北京地区综合医院患者抑郁障碍总的现患率并不显著高于我国普通人群.  相似文献
6.
Mood abnormalities related to major depressive disorder (MDD) seem to result from disturbances in pathways connecting the fronto-limbic and subcortical, both regions known to be involved in the processing of emotional information. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we measured neural responses to viewing images of sad, angry and neutral faces in 21 patients with MDD and 15 healthy controls. When shown pictures of sad faces, patients with MDD relative controls showed decreased activations bilaterally in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, inferior orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), medial OFC, caudate, and hippocampus. We also found significant group differences under the angry face condition, bilaterally, in the inferior OFC and medial OFC areas. Our findings indicate that decreased activations in the fronto-limbic and subcortical regions in response to affectively negative stimuli may be associated with pathophysiology of MDD.  相似文献
7.
抑郁症患者恐惧与中性面孔刺激的脑磁图研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
目的:利用脑磁图探讨抑郁症患者给予重复恐惧、中性面孔刺激后早期神经磁场激活特征。方法:8例抑郁症患者及12名健康右利手对照者,在给予恐惧、中性面孔图片刺激同时记录脑磁图信号,使用SPM8b软件进行数据分析;设两样t检验P<0.005(未校正)和K值≥40个体素范围为差异有统计学意义。结果:在0~50Hz频率范围内,与对照组相比,抑郁组在恐惧面孔图片刺激下显示出左侧眶额皮质、腹外侧前额皮质激活增强;在中性面孔刺激下,抑郁组显示出左侧腹外侧前额皮质和眶额皮质、左前扣带回激活增强,双侧顶叶如楔前叶等激活减弱。结论:抑郁症患者情绪感受脑区左侧前额皮质低频脑磁图功率增强。  相似文献
8.
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated neuropsychological deficits across a variety of cognitive domains in depression. Few studies have directly compared depressed subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD), and many are confounded by medication status across subjects. In this study, we compared the performance of unmedicated currently depressed MDD and BD groups on a battery of neuropsychological tests that included measures of risk taking and reflection impulsivity. METHODS: Twenty-two MDD, seventeen BDII, and 25 healthy control subjects (HC), matched for age and IQ, were assessed on a battery of neuropsychological tests. RESULTS: The depressed groups showed comparable ratings of depression severity and age of illness onset. The MDD group was impaired on tests of spatial working memory and attentional shifting, sampled less information on a test of reflection impulsivity, and was oversensitive to loss trials on a decision-making test. The BDII subjects were generally intact and did not differ significantly from control subjects on any test. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate differing profiles of cognitive impairment in unmedicated depressed MDD versus BDII subjects. Moderately depressed BDII subjects displayed relatively intact cognitive function, whereas MDD subjects demonstrated a broader range of executive impairments. These cognitive deficits in depression were not attributable to current medication status.  相似文献
9.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a brain stimulation technique which had recently been investigated as a putative antidepressant intervention. However, there is little agreement about clinically useful predictors of rTMS outcome. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to determine whether specific biographical, clinical, and psychopathological parameters are associated with the antidepressant response to rTMS in a large sample of 70 depressive patients. We performed a logistic regression analysis in 70 patients with major depressive disorder treated with rTMS of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex testing the predictive value of various domains of the depression syndrome as well as the variables episode duration, degree of treatment resistance, and CORE criteria. Response was defined as a 50% reduction of the initial Hamilton score (HAMD). After two weeks of treatment, 21% of the patients showed a response to rTMS. The binary logistic regression model correctly assigned 86.7% of the responders and 96.4% of the non-responders to their final response group. In the model, a high level of sleep disturbances was a significant predictor for treatment response to rTMS. Also, a low score of treatment resistance and a short duration of episode were positive predictors. These findings provide new evidence that especially pronounced sleep disturbances may be a significant clinical predictor of a response to rTMS. Prospective rTMS studies are necessary to validate the predictive value of the derived model.  相似文献
10.
In this present work, it is aimed to demonstrate BDNF serum concentrations in patients with dysthymia and to compare them with BDNF serum concentrations in patients with major depressive disorder and healthy subjects. The study was carried out in Celal Bayar University Hospital, Manisa, Turkey. Seventeen patients with dysthymia, 24 patients with major depressive disorder and 26 subjects without any psychiatric diagnosis and any psychiatric treatment were included in the study. The severity of depression was assessed with 17-item HAM-D. All subjects were asked to give their written consent. Blood samples were collected at baseline. Serum BDNF was kept at -70 degrees C before testing, and assayed with an ELISA Kit (Promega; Madison, WI, USA), after dilution with the Block and Sample solution provided with the kit. The data were subjected to the analysis of variance. The BDNF serum concentrations of the dysthymia group (mean=28.9+/-9.2 ng/ml) were significantly higher than that of the major depressive disorder group (21.2+/-11.3 ng/ml) (p=0.002), and it was not different from the level of the control group (31.4+/-8.8 ng/ml). BDNF serum concentrations and HAM-D score did not have any significant correlation in the dysthymia and major depression groups (r=-0.276, p=0.086). The low level of BDNF in patients with dysthymic disorder seems to point out that BDNF changes in mood disorders are state-dependent and vary according to the severity of depressive episodes.  相似文献
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