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精神分裂症未治期及其影响因素研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
目的 了解精神分裂症患者首次正式开始治疗前的疾病未治疗期间(duration of untreated illness, DUI)和精神病未治疗期间(duration of untreated psychosis,DUP)及其影响因素.方法 应用诺丁汉起病症状量表(Nottingham onset schedule, NOS)调查上海市精神卫生中心的精神分裂症患者,共收集117例.同时,应用自编问卷对患者家属进行访谈,调查可能影响患者及时就诊的因素.结果 ① 精神分裂症患者DUI中位数是181天, DUP中位数是84天.② 首发非特异性精神症状以失眠和情绪障碍最为常见,出现频度超过50%;首发精神病性症状以幻听和被害妄想最为常见,出现频度达到47%.③ 影响患者就诊的主要因素是家属不认识精神病和患者不愿接受诊治.④ 以DUI中位数181天将患者区分为长DUI组和短DUI组,发现:长DUI组中回答家庭成员意见不一致是延误就诊因素的比例显著高于短DUI组(χ2=3.9,P<0.05).结论 精神分裂症患者从发病到开始治疗的疾病未治疗期间较长.影响DUI和DUP的因素是多方面的,值得进一步深入研究.  相似文献
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Early emotional stress is associated with a life-long burden of risk for later depression and stressful life events contribute to the development of depressive episodes. In this study we investigated whether childhood stress is associated with structural brain alterations in patients with major depression (MD). Forty-three patients with MD and 44 age as well as gender matched healthy control subjects were investigated using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Region of interest analysis of the hippocampus, whole brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and assessment of childhood stress was carried out. Significantly smaller hippocampal white matter and prefrontal gray matter volume was observed in patients with MD compared to healthy controls. In particular left hippocampal white matter was smaller in patients, who had emotional childhood neglect, compared to those without neglect. For male patients this effect was seen in the left and right hippocampus. Moreover, physical neglect during childhood affected prefrontal gray matter volume in healthy subjects. Both emotional neglect and brain structural abnormalities predicted cumulative illness duration and there was a significant interaction between emotional neglect and prefrontal volumes as well as hippocampal white matter on the illness course. Childhood neglect resulted in hippocampal white matter changes in patients with major depression, pronounced at the left side and in males. Most interestingly, childhood stress and brain structure volumes independently predicted cumulative illness course. Subjects with both, structural brain changes and childhood emotional neglect seem to be at a very high risk to develop a more severe illness course.  相似文献
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目的 探讨Chiari畸形合并神经性关节病的相关因素和发病机制.方法 回顾性分析38例Chiari畸形合并神经性关节病患者的临床资料,总结其发病特点、发病部位、临床表现、影像学表现和手术治疗等情况.结果 病程长短、上肢肌肉是否萎缩与神经性关节病的发生有关.经枕颈减压术或空洞分流术治疗后,18例患者关节症状改善.结论 上肢肌肉萎缩和病程较长是神经性关节病的危险因素.治疗上以手术治疗原发病为主,辅以关节局部功能锻炼和药物治疗.  相似文献
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Wingo AP, Baldessarini RJ, Holtzheimer PE, Harvey PD. Factors associated with functional recovery in bipolar disorder patients.
Bipolar Disord 2010: 12: 319–326. © 2010 The Authors.
Journal compilation © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objectives: Among bipolar disorder (BPD) patients, functional recovery, defined as regaining individual premorbid residential and vocational status, is far less common than symptomatic recovery. As several factors have tentatively been implicated in outcomes in BPD, we investigated predictors of functional recovery among BPD patients, including demographic, clinical, and neurocognitive factors. Methods: We assessed functional recovery status with standardized residential and occupational indices, assessed neurocognitive functioning with performance‐based neuropsychological tests, and collected demographic and clinical information for 65 euthymic or residually depressed Structured Clinical Interview for DSM‐IV‐defined type I or II BPD patients. We examined predictors of functional recovery with multiple logistic regression modeling. Results: More education (p = 0.006), fewer years of illness (p = 0.037), and being married (p = 0.045) were associated independently with functional recovery, even after controlling for residual depressive symptoms, diagnostic type (I versus II), and psychiatric comorbidity. Functionally unrecovered BPD patients performed less well than recovered patients on verbal fluency (effect size = 0.54, p = 0.03), a measure of executive functioning, but this difference was not significant when adjusted for residual mood symptoms and education. Conclusions: Among euthymic or mildly depressed BPD patients, functional recovery was associated with more education, being married, and fewer years of illness.  相似文献
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OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed at evaluating general medical burden in a group of 111 patients with bipolar I disorder. METHODS: Data were drawn from participants entering the Bipolar Disorder Center for Pennsylvanians (BDCP) protocol. General medical burden was assessed by completing the Cumulative Illness Rating Score (CIRS) from chart review. RESULTS: The mean age of the sample was 42.1 (11.5), mean CIRS total score was 4.7 (2.9), and mean number of categories endorsed was 3.4 (1.7). Medical burden showed a positive relationship with increasing age and with duration of illness. CIRS scores and number of organ/system categories endorsed were significantly higher in patients with more than 21 years of illness than in patients with 0-9 years of illness (p<.0001) or with 10-20 years of illness (p<.0001). Medical burden was related to duration of illness even after controlling for age. The most frequently endorsed illness categories were cardiovascular disease, (with hypertension and hyperlipidemia being the most frequent conditions) and endocrine/metabolic (with obesity, thyroid dysfunction, and type 2 diabetes being the most common conditions). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with bipolar disorder carry a substantial burden of general medical conditions, related to age and duration of illness. These results suggest that the development and testing of specific interventions that target medical risk factors and medical burden in patients with bipolar disorder are urgently needed, especially early in the course of the illness, when patients appear to accumulate medical comorbidity at a rapid rate.  相似文献
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目的探讨具阴性症状的精神分裂症病人的病程与其认知功能改善的关系。方法对60例具阴性症状的精神分裂症病人在氯氮平或利培酮治疗前后进行阴性症状评定量表(SANS)、简明精神病评定量表(BPRS)评定精神症状;用Wisconsin卡片分类测验(WCST),Wechsler记忆测验(WMS)、Wechsler成人智力量表(WMS—RC)评定认知功能;以及对病程与认知功能的改善程度进行比较和相关性分析。结果WMS理解量袭分的前后差值与病程为0—5年和病程为11—15年有显著差异(P〈0.05),在WSCT测验中总测验数的差值与病程为0—5年、6—10年和11—15年比较有显著差异(P〈0.05),持续错误数的改善在病程为6—10年和11—15年两个组,有显著差异(P〈0.05);WAIS—RC和WMS前后的差值与病程元相关性(P〉0.05)。结论具阴性症状的精神分裂症的部分认知功能改善程度与病程有关。  相似文献
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The association of P300 components with age, illness duration and gender were examined in schizophrenia patients and whether such variables indicate a progressive course. A total of 60 patients with schizophrenia and 70 healthy controls were studied utilizing standard auditory oddball tasks. Both healthy and schizophrenia groups had a significant positive correlation between age and P300 latency. There was also a significant positive correlation between illness duration and P300 latency in the schizophrenia group. The prolonged latency of P300, associated with age or illness duration, was more prominent in male than female schizophrenia subjects. These findings suggest gender differences in disease progression in schizophrenia.  相似文献
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