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1.
精神分裂症患者的家庭负担研究   总被引:19,自引:0,他引:19  
目的评价精神分裂症患者的家庭负担和家庭功能。方法采用家庭负担量表(FBS)和家庭关怀度指数问卷(APGAR),对350例符合DSM-Ⅳ诊断标准的精神分裂症患者的家庭负担进行评定,从家庭的角度评价精神分裂症的疾病负担。结果精神分裂症患者FBS的家庭经济负担、家庭日常活动、家庭休闲娱乐活动、家庭成员心理健康4个因子的阳性回答率较高(均高于60%),家庭成员生理健康、家庭关系两个因子的阳性回答率较低(均低于40%);农村患者的家庭经济负担因子评分显著高于城镇患者(P<0.01),而家庭成员心理健康因子评分显著低于城镇患者(P<0.05)。结论精神分裂症造成严重的家庭负担,应作为干预的对象。  相似文献
2.
城乡社区精神分裂症患者家属的家庭负担对照研究   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
为了了解城乡结合区精神分裂症患者家庭负担现状及城乡患者之间家庭负担的区别,采用FIS和DAS量表分别对病例组和对照组患者及其主要照顾者进行调查,分析,结果发现,病例组家庭负担明显高于对照组,经济负担农村高于城市,而主观负担城市高于农村,病例组FIS与DAS密切相关,某些FIS单项分布与病程相关,表明精神分裂患者确实给家庭带来明显的客观和主观负担,客观负担与患者的社会功能密切相关,主观负担与家属的态  相似文献
3.
The pattern of family burden was compared in 32 relatives of schizophrenic patients and 32 relatives of people with mental retardation, using a standardised semistructured interview named “Accertamento della Disabilità e del Carico Familiare” (Assessment of Disability and Family Burden). There were few quantitative differences between the two samples of relatives, although relatives of schizophrenics presented a tendency for a higher degree of both objective and subjective burden in some areas. Problems frequently reported were the presence of emotional distress, poor social relationships and lack of holidays or free time activities. Relatives of schizophrenics specifically claimed the presence of financial difficulties, while those of people with mental retardation were concerned by problems with neighbours.  相似文献
4.
This study examined predictors of treatment persistence (receiving mental health services at two time points one year apart) among children in Puerto Rico who had previously sought care for mental health concerns. Children and their primary caregivers completed interviews one year apart. Treatment persistence was lower among children recruited from community sampling (n = 137) than those children recruited from public and private clinics (N = 381). Persistence was associated with psychological measures of need and co-morbidity only in the clinical sample, while in both samples persistence was associated with measures of family burden and school functioning. In multivariate analyses, persistence was associated in both the clinical and community samples with a measure of school functioning but not with diagnosis, impairment, or parental concerns about the child’s behavior.  相似文献
5.
This study examined the direct effects of short-term psychoeducation on relatives of inpatients with schizophrenia, with the goal of introducing this type of support program into standard care. The subjects were 46 relatives of inpatients with schizophrenia who attended three or four sessions of psychoeducation. Levels of anxiety and subjective burden and distress were measured before and after sessions using self-administered rating scales. In addition, levels of expressed emotion were also measured. Results showed that both state and trait anxiety on the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were significantly lower after psychoeducational intervention than before intervention. In addition, subjective burden and distress reported by the family significantly decreased on the subscales for family confusion resulting from a lack of knowledge of the illness and anxiety about the future, subjective burden and depression resulting from the patient's illness, and difficulties in the relatives' relationships with the patient. Comparison of high and low expressed emotion families showed that the intervention was almost equally effective for the two groups. However, its effectiveness with regard to the subjective burden and depression experienced by the families was significantly greater among high expressed emotion families. The present study confirmed that family psychoeducation during hospitalization, even for a short period, is effective for all families, whether high or low expressed emotion. Moreover, the results suggested that the intervention may have a greater effect on emotional factors in high expressed emotion families than in low expressed emotion families.  相似文献
6.
Abstract.Background: Schizophrenia as a chronic mental disorder not only has far-reaching consequences for patients, but also for their family members or other informal caregivers. In this study, we investigated whether needs for care of patients with schizophrenia are related to (negative) consequences for their informal caregivers.Method: A total of 287 patients with schizophrenia and their informal caregivers participated in the EPSILON study of schizophrenia in five European countries. Caregiver consequences were measured by the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ) and needs for care by the Camberwell Assessment of Need (CAN).Results: Total number of needs for care as well as specific areas of needs for care of patients appeared to be only weak predictors of caregiver consequences in terms of explained variance.Conclusion: Subjective needs for care as measured by the CAN are not a good indicator for consequences experienced by the informal care system of patients with schizophrenia.  相似文献
7.
Background The prevalence of minor children in families with a severely mentally ill member, these children's needs for support and the situation of the spouses were investigated as part of a multi-centre study of the quality of the mental health services in Sweden performed in 1986, 1991 and 1997. Methods The sample was drawn from relatives of compulsorily and voluntarily admitted inpatients to acute psychiatric wards. The instrument used was a semi-structured questionnaire, interviewing relatives about the burden of relatives, their needs for support and participation in care and items concerning the situation of the under-aged children in these families. Results The results over the years investigated showed the same proportion of patients admitted to hospital who were also parents to minor children and a decreasing proportion of patients who had the custody of their children. Female patients were more often a parent and also more often had the custody of the children. The majority of the children had needs for support caused by their parent's illness and these needs were met in half of the cases. The healthy spouses in families with minor children more often had to give up their own occupation and to a higher extent experienced own needs for care and support from psychiatric services compared to spouses without minor children. Conclusions The study supports that there is an urgent need for the psychiatric services to initiate parental issues in programmes for treatment and rehabilitation to ensure that the specific needs of minor children are met. Accepted: 28 November 2001  相似文献
8.
9.
The present study aimed to investigate possible differences in family environment among patients experiencing their First Episode of Psychosis (FEP), chronic patients and controls. Family cohesion and flexibility (FACES-IV) and psychological distress (GHQ-28) were evaluated in families of 50 FEP and 50 chronic patients, as well as 50 controls, whereas expressed emotion (FQ) and family burden (FBS) were assessed in families of FEP and chronic patients. Multivariable linear regression analysis, adjusted for confounders, indicated impaired cohesion and flexibility for families of FEP patients compared to controls, and lower scores for families of chronic patients compared to those of FEP patients. Caregivers of chronic patients scored significantly higher in criticism, and reported higher burden and psychological distress than those of FEP patients. Our findings suggest that unbalanced levels of cohesion and flexibility, high criticism and burden appeared to be the outcome of psychosis and not risk factors triggering the onset of the illness. Furthermore, emotional over-involvement both in terms of positive (i.e. concern) and negative behaviors (i.e. overprotection) is prevalent in Greek families. Psychoeducational interventions from the early stages of the illness should be considered to promote caregivers? awareness regarding the patients? illness, which in turn, may ameliorate dysfunctional family interactions.  相似文献
10.
Few studies have been found that to assess the factors that explain higher levels of family burden in adults with intellectual disability (ID) and intellectual disability and mental disorders (ID-MD). The aims of this study were to assess family burden in people with ID and ID-MD and to determine which sociodemographic, clinical and functional disability variables account for family burden. The sample is composed of pairs of 203 participants with disability and their caregivers, of which 33.5% are caregivers of people with ID and 66.5% of ID-MD. Assessments were performed using scales of clinical and functional disability as the following instruments: Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (WAIS-III), Inventory for Client and Agency Planning (ICAP), Psychiatric Assessment Schedule for Adults with Development Disability (PAS-ADD checklist), Disability Assessment Schedule of the World Health Organization (WHO-DAS-II) and family burden (Subjective and Objective Family Burden Inventory - SOFBI/ECFOS-II). People with ID-MD presented higher levels of functional disability than those with ID only. Higher levels of family burden were related to higher functional disability in all the areas (p < 0.006-0.001), lower intelligence quotient (p < 0.001), diagnosis of ID-MD (p < 0.001) and presence of organic, affective, psychotic and behavioral disorders (p < 0.001). Stepwise multiple regression showed that behavioral problems, affective and psychotic disorder, disability in participation in society, disability in personal care and presence of ID-MD explained more than 61% of the variance in family burden. An integrated approach using effective multidimensional interventions is essential for both people with ID and ID-MD and their caregivers in order to reduce family burden.  相似文献
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