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1.
目的对大学生宿舍人际关系质量调查问卷进行心理测量学的分析。方法通过633名大学生的数据对宿舍人际关系质量问卷进行信效度分析。结果大学生宿舍人际关系质量调查问卷显示出较高的结构效度和内容效度;量表总的内部一致性系数为0.786,各个因子的内部一致性系数(Cronbach’sa系数)分别是0.726、0.535、0.620、0.329,表明量表中的各项题目具有正相关;问卷还具有一定的重测信度。结论大学生宿舍人际关系质量调查问卷的信度分析还属良好,在可接受的范围内;内容效度、结构效度和效标效度还属中等。本问卷还需进一步修订考量,但还可以用来评估大学生的宿舍人际关系质量状况。  相似文献
2.
影响大学生睡眠质量的因素分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
目的 调查大学生的睡眠质量,分析影响其睡眠质量的因素.方法 以标准化量表匹兹堡睡眠质量指数和世界卫生组织生活质量评定量表简表中文版为研究工具,随机调查了扬州大学639例全日制在校大学生,通过回归分析,量化影响大学生睡眠质量的因素.结果 筛查出存在睡眠问题的大学生85例,占13.3%,生理、心理、社会及环境因素均对大学生的睡眠质量有预测作用(P<0.01).结论 大学生的睡眠受多因素的影响,其质量不容乐观.  相似文献
3.
贫困大学生人格特征与心理健康的关系   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的探讨贫困大学生人格特征与心理健康的关系,旨在为其人格与心理健康教育提供依据。方法采用艾森克人格量表(EPQ)和症状自评量表(SCL-90),抽取吉林某高校450名贫困大学生进行调查。结果贫困大学生E分数显著高于常模(t男=2.26,t女=10.20,P〈0.05,P〈0.01),女性N分数显著高于常模(t女=6.85,P〈0.01),男女生P分数与男生N分数与常模差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05);SCL-90的9个因子分均值均显著高于国内青年常模(t=2.95~7.41,P〈0.01);P、N分量表与SCL各因子分别呈显著正相关(r=0.17~0.61,P〈0.05,P〈0.01),E分量表SCL的6个因子呈显著负相关(r=-0.14~-0.27,P〈0.05,P〈0.01);P、N维度对心理健康水平具有显著的预测作用(P〈0.01)。结论贫困大学生人格偏外向,好交际,女生情绪欠稳定;其心理健康水平低于全国青年的平均水平,且较多地受到人格特征中情绪性与精神病质的影响。  相似文献
4.
大学生社会支持与主观幸福感的关系研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的探讨大学生社会支持与主观幸福感的关系。方法采用人格量表、社会支持量表、主观幸福感量表对386名大学生进行问卷调查,对数据进行相关分析和回归分析。结果(1)人格中的积极因素与社会支持、主观幸福感呈显著正相关,人格中的消极因素与社会支持、主观幸福感呈显著负相关,社会支持、主观幸福感呈显著正相关;(2)进行回归分析,多数路径显著,建立了人格、社会支持、主观幸福感的模型。结论社会支持、主观幸福感和人格各因素呈显著正相关,建立人格因素、社会支持、心理弹性的模型。  相似文献
5.
大学生心理状况调查   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的:研究大学生心理状况与强迫症状. 方法:采用90项症状清单(SCL-90)对1 291名大学生进行测查. 结果:大学生心理问题较多,以大三学生、女生心理问题较突出,其中强迫、人际敏感、抑郁排在各因子前三位;强迫、焦虑、偏执、精神病性因子与常模比较差异有极显著性(P<0.01). 结论:大学生心理卫生问题应引起各有关方面的关注.  相似文献
6.
Two studies assessed whether measures of health, well-being, and sleepiness are better related to sleep quality or sleep quantity. In both studies, subjects completed a 7-day sleep log followed by a battery of surveys pertaining to health, well-being, and sleepiness. In subjects sleeping an average of 7 hours a night, average sleep quality was better related to health, affect balance, satisfaction with life, and feelings of tension, depression, anger, fatigue, and confusion than average sleep quantity. In addition, average sleep quality was better related to sleepiness than sleep quantity. These results indicate that health care professionals should focus on sleep quality in addition to sleep quantity in their efforts to understand the role of sleep in daily life.  相似文献
7.
对178例女大学生的性受害情况作了回顾性问卷调查。结果发现,她们听到过下流语言者达88.2%、被异性故意贴近身体者43.3%,遭受过各种猥亵行为者占0.6%~11.8%,其中被强奸(含未遂)者占7.3%。受害时,89.1%有中至极重度的负性情绪,但告知父母者约18%,而举报者仅3.9%。说明她们都在缺乏援助的情况下忍声吞气地生活着。作者还就性受害的相关因素进行讨论,并阐述了性受害与性教育和性法律间的关系。  相似文献
8.
This study investigated the psychometric structure of two widely utilized measures of posttraumatic symptoms in a primarily Caucasian non-clinical sample. Given the prevalence of trauma exposure in non-referred samples, measurement of resulting symptoms is a critical issue. Exploratory factor analysis was utilized to assess and compare the factor structure of the Impact of Event Scale [IES; Horowitz, M., Wilner, N., & Alvarez, W. (1979). Impact of Event Scale: a measure of subjective stress. Psychosomatic Medicine, 41, 209-218] and the Mississippi Scale for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Civilian version [MIS-Civ; Vreven, D. L., Gudanowski, D. M., King, L. A., & King, D. W. (1995). The Civilian Version of the Mississippi PTSD Scale-a psychometric evaluation. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8, 91-109] in a sample of college students reporting exposure to potentially traumatic events. The psychometric structure of the IES was largely consistent with the two-factor structure widely reported in the literature, while the structure of the MIS-Civ varied considerably in this sample. Notably, non-clinical samples tended to report fewer social and occupational dysfunction than clinical samples predominantly utilized in PTSD research. Implications for use of these instruments in screening samples are discussed.  相似文献
9.
In a larger research study that investigated the conceptualizations, experiences, and coping behaviors of 294 male and female college students exposed to parental verbal abuse, this paper identifies and measures seven culture-specific coping behaviors in the Philippine setting, as experienced by 143 highly abused students identified in the study. Results indicated that both males and females coped essentially through silence. Neither used humor to relieve anxiety nor an intermediary to facilitate communication with the abusive parent. Multivariate analysis of variance suggested that while both experienced anger, females were more inclined than males to accept and tolerate verbal abuse, suppress feelings, and attempt to please the abusive parent. Female victims were disadvantaged due to: differentiated child-rearing expectations and practices; birth order; and the female victim’s attitudes, affective reactions, and failure at meaningful communication with the abusive parent  相似文献
10.
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to identify how daily experiences of college students with schizophrenia reflected the course of their disease. METHODS: The sample included 8 college students with schizophrenia. Comparisons of life experiences were made across disease courses using themes established in a prior study. FINDINGS: Subjects had different themes according to the following three disease courses: recovering, deteriorating, and fluctuating. CONCLUSIONS: This finding provides support for developing intervention strategies for college students in each disease course, such as the unique ways that psychiatric nurses can help college students with difficulties due to serious mental illness.  相似文献
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