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1.
The extent and nature of disability in different urticarial conditions   总被引:11,自引:0,他引:11  
Chronic forms of urticaria are common, often adversely impacting on quality of life. No formal studies have assessed the extent and nature of disability in different types of urticaria. The Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) is a simple and validated 10-item questionnaire designed to measure and compare disability in different skin conditions. In this study, we aimed to assess the disability in different urticarial groups using the DLQI, allowing comparison with previously published DLQI scores in common skin diseases. The DLQI was administered to 170 consecutive patients attending a specialist urticaria clinic over a 4-month period. Consistent with previous studies using the DLQI, mean scores were not influenced by gender or age. Patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria without a concurrent physical urticaria (n = 47) suffered moderate quality of life impairment (mean +/- SD DLQI 25 +/- 24%). In comparison, patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria with concurrent delayed pressure urticaria (DPU) (n = 26) suffered significantly higher quality of life impairment (mean +/- SD DLQI 43 +/- 23%, 95% confidence interval for difference 7-29%). Disability in this group was greatest in the dimensions of work/study, symptoms/feelings and leisure. Subjects with another form of physical urticaria, cholinergic urticaria, also endured high levels of disability (n = 9, mean +/- SD DLQI 50 +/- 34%). From our urticaria study group, we have shown that subjects with DPU and cholinergic urticaria endure the most quality of life impairment. The mean DLQI scores demonstrated in these groups are comparable with those previously seen in severe atopic dermatitis out-patients (60%) and higher than those seen in out-patients with psoriasis (29.7%), acne (24.3%) and vitiligo (16.1%).  相似文献
2.
Skin diseases such as acne are sometimes thought of as unimportant, even trivial, when compared with diseases of other organ systems. To address this point directly, validated generic questionnaires were used to assess morbidity in acne patients and compare it with morbidity in patients with other chronic diseases. For 111 acne patients referred to a dermatologist, quality of life was measured using the Dermatology Life Quality Index, Rosenberg's measure of self-esteem, a version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) and the Short Form 36 (SF-36). Clinical severity was measured using the Leeds Acne Grade. Population quality of life data for the SF-36 instrument were available from a random sample of adult local residents (n = 9334) some of whom reported a variety of long-standing disabling diseases. All quality of life instruments showed substantial deficits for acne patients that correlated with each other but not with clinically assessed acne severity. The acne patients (a relatively severely affected group) reported levels of social, psychological and emotional problems that were as great as those reported by patients with chronic disabling asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, back pain or arthritis. Acne is not a trivial disease in comparison with other chronic conditions. This should be recognized in the allocation of health care resources.  相似文献
3.
HIV感染者/AIDS患者及家属的抑郁心理调查   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
目的了解HIV感染者/AIDS患者及家属的抑郁心理,为改善他们的心理状况提供客观依据。方法选用抑郁自评量表(SDS)进行问卷调查,采用SPSS软件统计分析资料。结果HIV感染者/AIDS患者和已死亡患者的家属的SDS值明显高于健康对照人群;抑郁程度为中、重度的感染者/患者的比例为15.5%,明显高于健康对照组;女性家属的SDS值高于男性。结论抑郁是HIV感染者/AIDS患者及家属普遍存在的负性心理表现,应针对不同类型、不同性别人群的特点开展心理干预。  相似文献
4.
寻常痤疮对患者心理的影响   总被引:7,自引:0,他引:7  
目的:了解痤疮患者心理受影响的程度和一些相关因素。方法:对北京、上海、广州、西安、武汉5个城市共2331例门诊痤疮患者采用APSEA量表进行问卷式调查。结果:痤疮影响了部分患者的心理健康,表现为焦虑、易怒和不自信。甚至干扰了他们的生活、影响择业。参与影响痤疮患者生活质量的可能因素是痤疮的严重程度、患者的文化程度。结论:痤疮对于患者的心理具有一定程度的影响,应该引起皮肤科医生的重视,尤其是重度痤疮和文化程度低的患者。  相似文献
5.
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a distressing condition that affects the majority of adolescents, but its impact on mental health in this age group is poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of acne, knowledge about acne and rates of help-seeking behaviour in English teenagers. It was hypothesized that presence of acne would be associated with higher rates of emotional and behavioural difficulties. METHODS: Three hundred and seventeen pupils (80% response rate) aged 14-16 years participated from a comprehensive school in Nottingham. An age-appropriate, validated measure of emotional well-being, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and an Acne Management Questionnaire were used to assess participants' psychological health, level of acne knowledge and help-seeking behaviour. Acne severity was by graded by visual facial examination using an adaptation of the Leeds Acne Grading Technique. RESULTS: There was a prevalence of acne in 50% of the study sample, with 11% of participants having moderate to severe acne (> 20 inflammatory lesions). Participants with definite acne (12+ lesions) (P < 0.01) and girls (P < 0.05) had higher levels of emotional and behavioural difficulties. Participants with acne were nearly twice as likely as those without acne to score in the abnormal/borderline range of the SDQ (32% vs. 20%; odds ratio 1.86, 95% confidence interval 1.03-3.34). Knowledge about the causes of acne was low (mean 45%), and was unrelated to acne status. Fewer than a third of participants with definite acne had sought help from a doctor. CONCLUSIONS: Acne is a common disorder in English adolescents and appears to have a considerable impact on emotional health in this age group. Low levels of acne knowledge and poor acne management are concerns that could be amenable to a school-based education programme.  相似文献
6.
There has been increasing interest in quality of life outcomes, but there has been little reported on this topic for individuals with contact dermatitis. The objectives of this study were (i) to pilot a dermatology-specific quality of life instrument to assess its acceptability in a patch test clinic population, (ii) to see the effects of contact dermatitis on the patients' lives and (iii) to determine what factors may influence quality of life outcomes in this population. A dermatology-specific quality of life instrument was modified and used for 339 patients undergoing patch testing in a contact dermatitis clinic. The most common effect was pain or itching in 61%. Approximately 1/3 noted embarrassment, interference with work, or sleep disturbance. Other concerns were reported by less than 25% of the population. On multivariate analysis, the key factor influencing most outcomes was hand involvement. The instrument was well accepted by the clinic population and is now being used in a prospective study of outcomes. In the population assessed, it demonstrated the effects of disease. Analysis suggests that a key factor influencing these quality of life outcomes is hand involvement.  相似文献
7.
In this study, the applicability of a symptom-based questionnaire on hand dermatitis was assessed in a population of rubber workers. The questionnaire was previously validated in a study among nurses. 224 subjects employed in 9 different companies completed a questionnaire on skin complaints. Subsequently, 202 workers attended the physical examination of the skin by a dermatologist. The ascertainment of skin complaints according to the questionnaire was compared to the medical evaluation. The 2 different diagnostic tools used for assessing dermatitis resulted in dissimilar estimates of the prevalence of active hand dermatitis, ranging from 6.9% to 38.1% of all workers. Using the medical evaluation as 'gold standard' we observed a moderate sensitivity and specificity (respectively 71.4%; 95% CI: 47.7-95.1 and 76.1%; 95% CI: 70.0-82.2), a low positive predictive value (18.2%; 95% CI: 8.0-28.4) and a high negative predictive value (97.3%; 95% CI: 94.7-99.9) for the classification based on the self-administered questionnaire. When evaluated against 'first symptoms of dermatitis' the sensitivity decreased, while the specificity remained almost the same. The deviant findings between the present and the original validation study of the same questionnaire among nurses hamper its applicability in populations with different occupations. Therefore, if questionnaires are to be used, validity studies have to be carried out to evaluate differences in perception of skin diseases between different (occupational) populations.  相似文献
8.
SUMMARY Psoriasis is a chronic fluctuating dermatosis with demonstrable impact on patients' quality of life. Our aim was to investigate if narrowband UVB phototherapy administered to psoriatic patients in a standardized manner leads to an improvement in patients' perceived quality of life. A total of 138 patients with psoriasis were recruited from referrals to the Skin and Cancer Foundation, Australia between January 1998 and September 2002. Patients had psoriasis inadequately controlled by topical therapies alone and no contraindications to the use of phototherapy. Patients completed a pre- and post-therapy questionnaire on quality of life parameters. The differences in mean and standard deviation of quality of life parameters were measured using a paired sample t-test based on pre- and post-phototherapy questionnaires. Ninety patients were included in the study. Forty-eight patients were excluded as they had not completed post-phototherapy questionnaires. The course of narrowband UVB phototherapy was found to significantly improve quality of life in psoriasis patients (P 相似文献
9.
Digital imaging in clinical dermatology across the UK in the year 2001   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
Colour photography is an important tool in the daily practice of dermatologists. Digital photography promises quicker acquisition and handling of clinical images. Despite increasing availability and falling costs, dermatologists have been slow in adopting this new technique. To establish to what degree digital photography has found its way into routine practice in dermatology departments in the UK during the year 2001, we conducted a postal survey of all dermatology departments in the UK about usage of digital cameras. A total of 65.4% of the questionnaires were returned. The responses indicated that 71% of departments in teaching hospitals vs. 56% of departments in district general hospitals (DGH) had access to a digital camera. Reasons for not having a digital camera were satisfaction with conventional photography and lack of resources. In 48% of the departments of teaching hospitals or DGH with access to a digital camera, less than 10% of all photos were taken digitally. However, 24% of departments in DGH and 22% in teaching hospitals took more than 80% of their clinical photos digitally, indicating that in many departments digital photography is still in an early phase and only occasionally used, whilst in others a change from conventional photography towards digital photography as the mainly used technique has already taken place. Overall, the main drawbacks of digital photography were poorer resolution in comparison with conventional photography, problems with storage and filing images and time required for downloading and storing images.  相似文献
10.
Clinical characteristics of pruritus in chronic idiopathic urticaria   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
BACKGROUND: Although pruritus is a predominant symptom of chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) its clinical characteristics have not been explored. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the clinical pattern and sensory and affective dimensions of the itch experience, utilizing a comprehensive itch questionnaire. METHODS: A structured questionnaire based on the McGill pain questionnaire was used in 100 patients suffering from CIU randomly recruited from a tertiary referral centre. RESULTS: All 100 patients recruited with CIU completed the questionnaire. In 68 patients pruritus appeared on a daily basis. Most patients experienced their pruritus at night and in the evening (n = 83), and 62 reported difficulty in falling asleep. Pruritus involved all body areas, but mostly the arms (n = 86), back (n = 78) and legs (n = 75). Accompanying symptoms were a sensation of heat in 45 patients and sweating in 15. Most patients (n = 98) were prescribed antihistamines (mainly sedating), of whom 34 experienced long-term relief. The sensation of itch was reported to be stinging (n = 27), tickling (n = 25) and burning (n = 23). Seventy-six patients found their pruritus bothersome, 66 annoying and 14 complained of depression. The itch intensity at its peak was more than double that felt after a mosquito bite. The worst itch scores of those who felt depressed were significantly higher than of those who did not (P = 0.018). There was a positive correlation between the sensory and affective scores during worst itch (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study describes the itch experienced in CIU, highlighting sensory and affective dimensions. The itch questionnaire was found to be a valuable tool for evaluating pruritus in CIU and its unique features.  相似文献
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