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1.
目的探讨以认知行为疗法和音乐疗法相结合为主的护理干预对老年心肌梗死支架术后患者焦虑、抑郁的影响。方法选取200例老年心肌梗死支架术后的患者,随机分为观察组(100例)与对照组(100例)。观察组在常规护理的基础上,实施认知行为疗法和音乐疗法为主的护理干预。干预前后应用焦虑、抑郁自评量表分析患者的焦虑和抑郁情况。结果干预前观察组与对照组焦虑及抑郁得分差异无统计学意义(P〉0.05)。干预后观察组焦虑及抑郁得分明显低于干预前,且低于对照组。结论对老年心肌梗死支架术后的患者进行以认知行为疗法和音乐疗法为主的护理干预,能改善老年患者术后的焦虑及抑郁状况,适合在临床应用。  相似文献
2.
认知行为干预对剖宫产产妇焦虑、抑郁情绪的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
吴庆珠 《护士进修杂志》2011,26(15):1422-1423
近年来,随着剖宫产率的迅速升高,剖宫产产妇对剖宫产手术的恐惧、焦虑、紧张情绪也越来越突出。针对剖宫产产妇的心理状态,我院护理人员采用认知行为干预疗法做好产妇心理护理,使其能够在手术中保持情绪平稳,顺利渡过手术期。  相似文献
3.
认知行为疗法对脑卒中后抑郁及神经功能康复的影响   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
目的:探讨认知行为疗法对脑卒中后抑郁及神经功能康复的临床疗效。方法:以178例脑卒中后抑郁患者为研究对象,依随机的形式分为治疗组和对照组,各89例,两组患者均采用常规治疗,治疗组则在此基础之上给予认知行为疗法。治疗前、后分别采用抑郁量表和神经功能缺损程度量表进行测评。结果:治疗组治疗5周后抑郁量表评分和神经功能缺损评分明显低于对照组,有显著性差异(P<0.01)。结论:认知行为疗法对改善脑卒中后抑郁、促进神经功能康复效果显著。  相似文献
4.
认知行为疗法对脑外伤病人康复效果的影响   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
倪小英  严仁辉  朱锦云 《护理研究》2007,21(12):3149-3150
[目的]探讨认知行为疗法对脑外伤病人日常自理和社会参与能力的影响。[方法]将符合入组条件的56例脑外伤病人随机分为实验组和对照组,两组均接受一般的康复训练,实验组还同时接受认知行为治疗。受伤后1个月和3个月时分别予Barthel指数、自评抑郁量表(SDS)和简明健康调查量表(SF-36)测量。[结果]两组病人的Barthel指数、SDS和SF-36测量结果比较,差异有统计学意义(P〈0.01)。[结论]护理人员运用认知行为疗法能提高脑外伤病人的康复效果。  相似文献
5.
This randomized clinical trial (RCT) examined the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) specifically targeted toward reducing pain catastrophizing for persons with chronic headache. Immediate treatment groups were compared with wait-list control groups. Differential treatment gains based on the order of presentation of 2 components of CBT (cognitive restructuring and cognitive/behavioral coping) and the role of catastrophizing in treatment outcome were examined. Thirty-four participants enrolled in a 10-week group treatment and 11 completed a wait-list self-monitoring period. Participants reported significant reductions in catastrophizing and anxiety and increased self-efficacy compared with wait-list control subjects, and these were maintained at follow-up. Although we did not find overall differences in the reduction of headache frequency or intensity compared with wait-list control subjects, calculation of clinical significance on headache indicators suggest that approximately 50% of treated participants showed meaningful changes in headache indices as well. Order of treatment modules was not related to gains during treatment or at follow-up; however, almost all changes occurred during the second half of treatment, suggesting that duration of treatment participation is important. PERSPECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral treatment targeting reduction of catastrophizing for chronic headache pain reduced negative cognitive and affective variables associated with recurrent headache, increased headache management self-efficacy, and in half of the participants, produced clinically meaningful reductions in headache indicators. Length of treatment is an important factor to consider when providing CBT for chronic pain.  相似文献
6.
The models of depression hypothesized by leading cognitive-behavioral theorists—especially those of Beck, Lewinsohn, Rehm, and Seligman—are analyzed and it is shown that they probably explain how people make themselves appropriately sad, regretful, disappointed, and annoyed when they suffer major losses and inconveniences. These models, however, do not explain why many people with similar losses and inconveniences also make themselves inappropriately depressed and self-hating. It is hypothesized that the rational-emotive therapy (RET) model of depression has a crucial cognitive and philosophic element—the inclusion of absolutistic, dogmatic shoulds, oughts, and musts—that differentiates people's appropriate feelings of sadness from their inappropriate feelings of depression, and that therefore appreciably adds to our understanding of the causative factors in depression. This neglected theory of depression is examined and discussed.  相似文献
7.
The effectiveness of two primarily self-administered treatments for chronic tension headache were compared. Twenty-four recurrent tension headache sufferers received either relaxation therapy alone or relaxation training plus cognitive-behavioral therapy in a primarily self-administered treatment format. Both treatments yielded substantial reductions in headache activity and smaller but significant reductions in depression. However, patients who received the combined treatment recorded significantly larger reductions in headache activity than patients receiving relaxation training alone. In addition, high pretreatment levels of headache activity and daily life stress were associated with a poor response to relaxation training but were unrelated to patients' response to the combined treatment. These results suggest that cognitive-behavioral interventions may enhance the effectiveness of primarily self-administered relaxation training, particularly with selected subgroups of patients.Portions of this paper were presented at the 7th annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Francisco, March 1986. We are grateful for the assistance of the following people: Gary Cordingley, Cynthia Eldrige, Karl G. Hursey, Tammy Paolicci, Don Penzien, Steve Richardson, Angello Theofanous, and Michelle Young.Anita Baker, M.S., was killed in a highway accident on January 3, 1988. We deeply regret the loss of our friend and colleague. Jeffrey Holm, Ph.D., is currently affiliated with the University of North Dakota, Department of Psychology.  相似文献
8.
The present study compared the relative effectiveness of “preferential” rational-emotive therapy (RET) and general cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) in the treatment of low self-esteem and related emotional disturbances. Thirty-three subjects were randomly assigned to RET, CBT, and waiting-list control (WLC) groups. Therapy consisted of 8 weekly 1 1/2hour group sessions. At posttest, both the RET and CBT groups changed significantly more than the WLC group on all measures: self-esteem, depression, general and social-evaluative anxiety, anger, and rational thinking. On the self-esteem and self-efficacy measures, the CBT group changed significantly more than the RET group. At a six-month follow-up, both the RET and CBT groups maintained their gains, and there were no significant differences between groups on any measure.  相似文献
9.
This study prospectively examined the role of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in (1) alleviating psychological and somatic distress, and (2) lowering arrhythmic events requiring shocks. Forty-nine of 61 consecutive patients were randomized into therapy (CBT, n = 25) or no therapy (NT. n = 24) and completed a battery of self-report questionnaires at baseline and at 9-month follow-up. CBT was administered at preimplant, predischarge, and at seven routine follow-up visits. Patients were 65 ± 10 years old. 65% were men, and 92% Caucasian. Eighteen (72%) CBT patients and 18 (75%) NT patients were retained at follow-up. Compared to CBT patients, NT patients reported higher levels of depression (P = 0.046), more anxiety (P = 0.013), more psychological distress (P = 0.015), poorer overall adjustment (P = 0.009), and poorer sexual functioning (P = 0.003). Mean number of shocks did not differ between the CBT and NT groups (2.85 vs 2.30. respectively); however, more patients in the CBT group (61%) than the NT group (33%) received shocks (P = 0.070). At follow-up, a subgroup analysis revealed that the significant differences observed between the CBT and NT groups were attributable to the patients who received shocks in both groups. In conclusion, CBT was associated with decreased depression, decreased anxiety, and increased adjustment for ICD recipients, particularly among those patients receiving shocks. CBT can be administered effectively at routine follow-up visits or transtelephonically with little added inconvenience to the ICD recipient.  相似文献
10.
The concept of self-efficacy as applied to individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) represents a person's confidence in being able to convey a favorable impression to others. The current study investigated the psychometric properties and clinical usefulness of a new measure called the Self-Efficacy for Social Situations (SESS) Scale. Results provide preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of the SESS in a clinical sample of individuals with SAD. Pre- to posttreatment change in self-efficacy was a significant and independent predictor of change in social anxiety symptoms. Implications for treatment are discussed.  相似文献
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