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健康教育对提高老年糖尿病患者服药依从性的研究   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
目的:探讨健康教育对老年糖尿病患者服药依从性的影响.方法:将61例就诊的老年糖尿病患者随机分为干预组和对照组,对照组采取常规的定期随访,干预组在常规定期随访基础上开展针对性的全程糖尿病健康教育.通过半年的干预监测,分析两组患者的服药依从性.结果:61例老年糖尿病患者的服药依从率为44.26%.经过半年的健康教育,干预组的服药依从性明显优于对照组.结论:老年糖尿病患者服药依从性较差,健康教育可以提高其服药依从性.  相似文献
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The purposes of this study were (1) to examine the psychometric properties of the Taiwanese version of the Morisky Medication Adherence Measure (MMAM), including its validity and reliability, (2) to investigate levels of analgesic regimen adherence, and (3) to explore the predictors of adherence to the analgesic regimen in a sample of Taiwanese cancer patients with pain. One hundred thirty-five patients receiving analgesics for cancer pain participated in this study. Instruments consisted of the Taiwanese version of the MMAM, the Barriers Questionnaire-Taiwan form, the Chinese version of the Brief Pain Inventory, the American Pain Society Outcome Questionnaire, Karnofsky Performance Status, and a demographic questionnaire. Analgesic use ratios were calculated. The Taiwanese version of the MMAM had good psychometric properties for measuring adherence with the analgesic regimens taken by Taiwanese cancer pain patients. Reliability was supported by good internal consistency Cronbach α and test-retest coefficients. Validity was corroborated by good known group validity, construct validity, and criterion-related validity. The majority of the patients (51%) showed low levels of medication adherence. The significant predictors for the medication adherence score were age, the Barriers Questionnaire score, and satisfaction with pain management by clinicians after entering pain severity, pain interference with daily life, age, gender, education, types of analgesics used, functional status, and satisfaction with pain management as independent variables. The model accounted for 63% of the variance in the medication adherence score. The Taiwanese version of the MMAM shows excellent reliability and validity. The use of this reliable, valid, simple, and easily administered tool can improve communication between patients and clinicians about use of analgesics and further improve the analgesic regimen adherence.  相似文献
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PURPOSE: To describe an approach to intervention, based on Motivational Interviewing (MI) and the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of Change that allows the health care provider to support medication adherence in a client-centered fashion. DATA SOURCES: Review of selected research-based and theoretical articles on MI, TTM, and medication compliance issues. CONCLUSIONS: Adherence is a complex phenomenon that requires a personalized intervention. The response must focus on clients' readiness to adhere, their sense of self-efficacy in taking medicines in all circumstances, and their personal pros and cons related to adherence. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Adherence to complex medication regimens is important to long-term treatment of chronic diseases, such as HIV disease. Adherence in HIV is particularly critical to adequately suppress viral replication as well as to prevent opportunistic infections.  相似文献
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This paper explores the role of mental health nurses in medication adherence and their perspective of what influences patients' medication non-adherence. Forty-eight mental health nurses with active patient caseloads completed a comprehensive questionnaire assessing a number of variables related to medications, including whom they felt was primarily responsible for monitoring the side-effects of medication, their knowledge skills and confidence in dealing with medication adherence and their prior education and training in medication adherence strategies. Lack of patient insight was endorsed as the strongest influence on patient non-adherence. Over 84% of nurses indicated they did not have any prior education or training in medication adherence strategies. Implications of the findings for education and training and nurses' roles in supporting medication adherence are discussed.  相似文献
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Time and timeliness are key issues in appraising and ensuring the clinical relevance of systematic reviews. Time considerations entering the systematic review process include the history of the clinical problem, disease, or treatment that is the target of the review, and the history of the research conducted to address it. These considerations guide: (i) formulation of the research problems and questions; (ii) setting of parameters for the search and retrieval of studies; (iii) determination of inclusion and exclusion criteria; (iv) appraisal of the clinical relevance of findings; (v) selection of the findings that will be synthesized; and (vi) interpretation of the results of that synthesis.  相似文献
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Objectives: To investigate whether beliefs about asthma medication, cognitive and emotional factors are related to poor asthma control in a sample of Latvian asthma patients in 2015.

Design: Cross-sectional, self-administered survey.

Subjects: Three hundred and fifty two asthma patients (mean age 57.5 years) attending outpatient pulmonologist consultations in Riga, Latvia during September 2013 to December 2015. The sample size was calculated to detect a prevalence of poor asthma control of 50% with a margin of error of 5% and a power of 95%.

Main outcome measures: The validated Beliefs about Medication Questionnaire (BMQ) and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (brief IPQ) were used. Good asthma control was assessed using the asthma control test (ACT), a validated five-item scale that reliably assesses asthma control over a recall period of four weeks. Logistic regression models were used to predict poor asthma control.

Results: Patients who had a good control of asthma medication (OR 0.70; 95% CI 0.61–0.79) or were confident that their asthma medication improves illness (OR 0.84; 95% CI 0.74–0.95) had a reduced risk of poor asthma control. The more symptoms (OR 1.63; 95% CI 1.44–1.84) the asthma patients perceived or the more their illness affects their life, the higher the probability of poor asthma control (OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.31–1.65). Some beliefs of necessity and concerns of asthma medication were also statistically significantly related to poor asthma control.

Conclusions: Beliefs of necessity of asthma medication, cognitive and emotional illness perception factors correlate well with poor asthma control in Latvian patients.  相似文献

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