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Current developments in storage solutions, PACS, and client-server systems allow for 3D imaging at the desktop. This can be achieved together with full storage into PACS of all slices, including the very large thin-section CT datasets. This paper describes a possible setup, which has been in operation for several years now, in response to an article by Meenan et al. previously published in this journal (1).  相似文献
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The function of lymph nodes is greatly influenced by their unique microanatomy, in which distinct subpopulations of cells are compartmentalized by a meshwork of reticular cells and fibres, specialized blood and lymphatic vessels and nerves. Using antibodies against extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins (fibronectin, collagen IV and laminin), proteoglycan (perlecan), and a fibroblastic marker (ERTR-7), the distribution and molecular organization of the system of reticular fibres was investigated by three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction methods. Fibronectin, collagen IV and laminin are restricted to reticular fibres and have a similar distribution pattern, whereas perlecan is limited to the vascular system of the lymph node. Various compartments of the lymph node, such as the B-cell follicle, paracortex (including the high endothelial venules and paracortical cord), and medulla have been reconstructed to visualize their vasculature with respect to B and T cells. Since the morphology of lymph nodes may change significantly in pathological conditions, different compartments of reactive lymph node (after low-dose Listeria monocytogenes infection), especially germinal centres, were also investigated. The data presented here should facilitate our understanding of the 3D organization of non-immune cell components of lymph nodes, which is crucial for cell adhesion, migration, activation, and differentiation in normal and pathological conditions.  相似文献
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目的:研究利用MRI二维图像快速建立前交叉韧带(ACL)三维数字化模型的方法,并评估模型的真实可靠程度。方法选择20例临床诊断为ACL断裂患者的术前健侧MRI图像资料,导入自主开发的ACL快速分割技术软件(3D MIA )进行图像分割,再以面绘制方式进行三维重建,建立膝关节及ACL三维数字化模型,测量模型的ACL长度、宽度、厚度及与人体三个解剖平面的角度,所得数据与前期解剖研究结果进行统计学的分析对比,评估模型的可靠程度。结果造模包括膝关节各骨性结构及前后交叉韧带,平均造模时间18 min,测量得到ACL长(39.80±1.86)mm、宽(5.80±1.83)mm、厚(9.96±1.26) mm;ACL与冠状面夹角(27.58±3.64)°、与矢状面夹角(39.82±4.01)°、与水平面夹角(22.27±4.23)°。与前期研究获得的相应数据对比,经独立样本t检验,差异均无显著性意义(P>0.05)。结论利用自主开发的ACL分割技术及三维重建软件可以快速且较准确地建立健侧ACL三维数字化模型,为计算机辅助ACL手术系统及实现ACL临床仿真个体化解剖重建提供了参考基础。  相似文献
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目的针对颜面短小患者建立下颌骨及咀嚼肌模型,通过有限元方法研究牵张成骨过程中下颌骨的形变规律,并与患者实际手术效果进行对比,为类似病例的治疗过程提出改进意见。方法依据临床颜面短小患者原始数据,结合MIMICS医学影像控制系统软件,运用三维重建技术构造患者下颌骨及咀嚼肌的实体结构,最后导入ANSYS有限元软件完成单侧下颌骨延长的有限元模型,并模拟手术效果。结果所建立的术前术后有限元分析模型具有数字化、个性化特征。结论数值模拟结果与手术效果进行对比,重合度较好,可以为不同病情的病人术前提供个性化的手术指导。  相似文献
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The structures of superior mediastinum and their spatial relationships are complex and difficult to master. This study aimed to compare visualization of the superior mediastinum based on computed tomography (CT) images and on the thin sections of the Chinese visible human (CVH) data set to provide a sectional anatomical basis for diagnostic imaging of superior mediastinal pathology. CVH sections of the mediastinum of a 35‐year old male were compared with plain and enhanced CT images of a 45‐year old male without apparent abnormalities in the upper chest. In addition, a three‐dimensional model based on the CVH sections was compared with a model based on CT images. Although CT imaging is noninvasive and can be carried out in many individuals, its weakness is clearly the visualization of small soft tissue structures. In this respect, the sectional anatomical approach of the CVH images is complementary, as it visualizes these small soft tissue structures due to the higher resolution in the plain of sectioning and the color of the different structures in the section. Three‐dimensional surface and volume rendering of reconstructions of the CVH data set can help medical students and less experienced thoracic surgeons to familiarize themselves with the topographic anatomy of the superior mediastinal structures and their spatial relationships, and thus with interpreting CT images of patients. Clin. Anat. 25:1051–1061, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.  相似文献
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