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1.
腹主动脉瘤几何形态对血液动力学影响的三维数值分析   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
目的研究腹主动脉瘤不同形态学对瘤内血液动力学的影响,为临床预估动脉瘤的破裂提供参考。方法根据动脉瘤影像学上的特点建立不同几何形态的数学模型,采用计算流体动力学(CFD)方法,在周期性脉动速度入流、刚性壁面以及血液为牛顿流体的条件下,对一个心动周期内瘤内流场进行数值分析研究,比较不同几何形态腹主动脉瘤内血液动力学。结果非轴对称模型可造成相对较大的壁面剪应力;带有峰值偏移和曲率半径偏转的腹主动脉瘤,瘤内漩涡的发展变化会随着几何形态的不同而产生变化。结论腹主动脉瘤内流场特征的变化受到不同形态学的影响。  相似文献
2.
目的 研究伴鼻腔结构异常的OSAHS患者经鼻腔结构矫正手术后,气道结构形态的改变对患者整个上气道流场分布以及软腭运动姿态的影响。方法 基于患者手术前后CT影像学数据,建立上气道及软腭三维有限元模型,采用流固耦合的方法模拟手术前后上气道流场特性及软腭的运动情况。结果 手术矫正了异常的鼻腔结构形态,鼻腔及整个上气道阻力明显下降。术后软腭的肥厚水肿明显缓解,其游离缘的运动幅度减小。软腭运动幅度随弹性模量的减小而增大。术后的模拟结果与文献报道的正常人实验与模拟结果接近。结论 鼻腔结构矫正手术改变了上气道结构,影响了气流流场的分布和软腭的运动姿态;不同病理生理状态下,软腭弹性模量的变化对其运动姿态有影响。  相似文献
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An automatic numerical amplitude analyser was designed for use in conjunction with a measuring system for the recording of acid reflux at the distal end of the oesophagus. The analyser is described, and its use is discussed in the light of the results of stability and reliability studies carried out by way of 12 hin vitro andin vivo recordings. The apparatus has proved stable with an electrode drift of 0–0·2 pH units over 12 h. The analyser permits calculation of the temporal distribution of the pH values within various preselected intervals, expressed as percentages of the total time of recording. The accuracy of the analysis was tested on a simulated pH curve, and, within the frequency range 0·1–5 Hz, deviation was less than 1% for all analytical areas. By repeated analyses of the samein vivo studies, the coefficient of variation was calculated at 0·0001–0·10.  相似文献
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This report describes the changes in extracellular levels of dopamine (DA) and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) detected in the nucleus accumbens of male rats engaged in copulatory activity. They were monitored by using differential normal pulse voltammetry (DNPV) with electrochemically pretreated carbon fiber microelectrodes and numerical analysis of the catechol signal. The copulatory pattern displayed during the voltammetric recordings was similar to those recorded prior to surgery. Copulating animals showed a conspicuous increase in the DA and DOPAC electrochemical signals up to, respectively, 170% and 150% of baseline levels. This response was much attenuated when the experimental animals were exposed to either non-receptive castrated females or intact males. These data are consistent with the permissive role currently ascribed to the dopaminergic innervation of the n. accumbens in the selection and the initiation of behavioral adaptive sequences.  相似文献
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The relative importance of the various parameters in inducing bone mass loss and osteoclastic perforations is still controversial. Therefore, there is a significant motivation to better understand the parameters behind such dynamic response, and great interest to carry out a parametric sensitivity study as it can provide useful information. As an application, the widely-accepted bone remodelling equation [M.G. Mullender, R. Huiskes, H. Weinans, A physiological approach to the simulation of bone remodeling as self organizational control process, J. Biomech. 27 (1994) 1389.] is investigated using the "n units" model [M. Zidi, S. Ramtani, Bone remodeling theory applied to the study of n unit-elements model, J Biomech. 32 (1999) 743.]. This analysis pointed out that the power in the modulus density relationship p and the power to which density is raised in normalizing the energy stimulus q, known as strongly implicated in the stability condition of the remodelling process, were also stated as insensitive parameters in the bone loss area.  相似文献
8.
In three-dimensional numerical studies of the aorta, it is difficult to apply proper boundary conditions at the end of each major aortic branch because of interactions between blood and organs. Organs and body parts were assumed to be likened to cylindrically shaped porous media, so-called pseudo-organs, and treated in the computational domain as forms of hemodynamic resistance. Permeability functions were determined from two-dimensional axisymmetric computations of each aortic branch and these functions were then used in an unsteady three-dimensional simulation of the complete aorta. Substantially accurate cardiac output (5.91 L/min) and blood distributions to the major branches were predicted.  相似文献
9.
耳与上气道是人体的门户器官,因结构精细而狭小,传统医学对其进行的非侵入性研究以及临床诊疗效果总是不尽人意。随着计算机技术的发展,数值模拟成为一种有效的辅助研究手段,能够对耳与上气道诊断与治疗进行再现和评估,是推动基础医学与临床诊疗技术发展的有力手段。回顾数值模拟方法在耳与上气道结构与功能的关系、疾病对功能的影响、临床诊疗技术评估以及相关医疗器械设计等方面的应用,并对数值研究在耳与上气道的临床应用进行展望,为耳与上气道临床诊疗研究提供参考。  相似文献
10.
目的 通过计算流体力学(computational fluid dynamics, CFD)分析Stanford B型夹层的血流动力学参数,从而有效全面评估疾病。方法 基于1例复杂的Stanford B型主动脉夹层患者的增强CTA影像,构建三维模型和血流动力学的数值模拟研究,分析流场速度分布、夹层破口剖面速度分布以及壁面切应力。结果 该病例在夹层入口、出口处的血液流速分别最高达到1.2、2 m/s,为进一步预测夹层破裂位置和评估夹层破裂风险提供依据。在夹层破口附近的假腔壁面形成明显的低壁面切应力区,与患者体内血栓位置相一致。结论 CFD能有效分析复杂主动脉夹层的血流动力学特征,获得主动脉弓部及其降主动脉的剪切力与主动脉夹层发生的相关性,有助于指导临床对主动脉进行功能学评估,进而预防疾病发生。  相似文献
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