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膝关节单间室骨性关节炎引起的膝内翻是常见病症之一,目前手术方法主要有胫骨高位截骨术、单髁置换术以及最新推广的腓骨截骨术。单髁置换术自开展以来已有60余年历史,相比全膝关节置换术具有可保留膝关节正常运动、手术创伤小、保留骨量多以及术后关节活动度大等优点,故单髁置换术已成为治疗内侧间室骨关节炎一种可靠的治疗方式。腓骨截骨术是一种治疗膝内翻的新治疗手段,具有手术简单、费用低、恢复快等优点,目前正在被大力推广,但其治病机制尚不很清楚。综述单髁置换和腓骨截骨两种临床手术方式,并从生物力学角度推论腓骨截骨术治疗内侧间室骨性关节炎的可能机制,提出腓骨截骨术后外侧收缩肌力下降导致关节合力矩再平衡,故关节接触位置改变、关节接触力下降可能是腓骨截骨术能够缓解疼痛治疗骨性关节炎的原因。  相似文献
2.
Persistent pain and periprosthetic fracture of the proximal tibia are troublesome complications in modern unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA). Surgical errors and acute corners on the resected surface can place excessive strains on the bone, leading to bone degeneration. This study attempted to lower strains by altering the orthogonal geometry and avoiding extended vertical saw cuts. Finite element models were utilized to predict biomechanical behavior and were subsequently compared against experimental data. On the resected surface of the extended saw cut model, the greatest strains showed a 50% increase over a standard implant; conversely, the strains decreased by 40% for the radial-corner shaped model. For all UKA models, the peak strains below the resection level increased by 40% relative to an intact tibia. There was no significant difference among the implanted models. This study demonstrated that a large increase in strains arises on the tibial plateau to resist a cantilever-like bending moment following UKA. Surgical errors generally weaken the tibial support and increase the risk of fractures. This study provides guidance on altering the orthogonal geometry into a radial-shape to reduce strains and avoid degenerative remodeling. Furthermore, it could be expected that predrilling a posteriorly sloped tunnel through the tibia prior to cutting could achieve greater accuracy in surgical preparations.  相似文献
3.
目的探讨牛津第三代单髁假体微创单髁置换术治疗膝关节内侧间室骨性关节炎的疗效与技术。方法回顾性分析2005年5月~2011年6月采用微创单髁置换术治疗100例膝关节内侧间室骨性关节炎患者的资料,对患者术前、术后膝关节疼痛及关节活动度进行评估(HSS评分法),并测量术后假体力线,分析假体设计、手术适应证的选择及手术技术。结果 100例术后平均随访36个月(12~75个月),末次随访时膝关节HSS评分和膝关节活动度明显增加,股骨假体力线平均为0.69°内旋±3.18°,0.83°伸直±3.63°,胫骨假体力线平均为0.12°内翻±0.80°,0.39°伸直±1.24°,无假体位置不良、脱位及假体松动等并发症。结论微创单髁置换术治疗膝关节内侧间室骨性关节炎具有很好的疗效,其关键在于手术适应证的选择和手术技术。  相似文献
4.
The viability of unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) as a stand-alone or temporising option for the management of gonarthrosis is a topic of considerable contention. Despite recent advances in prosthesis design and surgical technique, as well as mounting evidence of long-term survivorship, UKA remains infrequently used, accounting for just 8–15% of all knee arthroplasties. Instead this group is more typically managed using total knee arthroplasty (TKA). For UKA to warrant increased usage the candidacy for UKA must be prevalent, the outcome must be equivalent or superior to that of TKA, and the costs should be comparatively low. Here we address three issues regarding UKA: 1) a prospective assessment of the proportion of knees needing arthroplasty that are candidates for UKA; 2) retrospective outcome measures comparing TKA, UKA and controls; and 3) an estimation of the difference in costs between TKA and UKA from a hospital perspective. We show in a series of 200 knees that candidacy for UKA is widespread; representing 47.6% of knees. Furthermore, we also show for the first time, that not only is UKA functionally superior to TKA (based on Total Knee Questionnaire (TKQ) scores), but scores in medial and lateral UKA knees do not differ significantly from normal, non-operative age- and sex-matched knees (t = 1.14 [38], p = 0.163; and t = 1.16 [38], p = 0.255 respectively). Finally, we report that UKA offers a substantial cost saving over TKA (£1761 per knee) indicating that UKA should be considered the primary treatment option for unicompartmental knee arthritis.  相似文献
5.
膝关节单间室骨性关节炎引起的膝内翻是常见病症之一,目前手术方法主要有胫骨高位截骨术、单髁置换术以及最新推广的腓骨截骨术。单髁置换术自开展以来已有60余年历史,相比全膝关节置换术具有可保留膝关节正常运动、手术创伤小、保留骨量多以及术后关节活动度大等优点,故单髁置换术已成为治疗内侧间室骨关节炎一种可靠的治疗方式。腓骨截骨术是一种治疗膝内翻的新治疗手段,具有手术简单、费用低、恢复快等优点,目前正在被大力推广,但其治病机制尚不很清楚。综述单髁置换和腓骨截骨两种临床手术方式,并从生物力学角度推论腓骨截骨术治疗内侧间室骨性关节炎的可能机制,提出腓骨截骨术后外侧收缩肌力下降导致关节合力矩再平衡,故关节接触位置改变、关节接触力下降可能是腓骨截骨术能够缓解疼痛治疗骨性关节炎的原因。  相似文献
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