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The aim of this study was to obtain the apparent and tissue-level mechanical parameters of vertebral cancellous bones using micro-finite element analysis, and to identify the regional variations and their relative differences with respect to aging. Ninety trabecular specimens were obtained from six normal L4 vertebral bodies of six male cadavers in two age groups, three aged 62 years and three aged 69 years, and then were scanned using a high-resolution micro-Computed Tomography (micro-CT) system. The obtained micro-CT reconstruction models were then converted to micro-finite element models. Micro-finite element analyses were done to determine the apparent Young’s moduli and tissue-level Von Mises stress distribution for each trabecular specimen on the longitudinal direction, and medial–lateral and anteriorposterior directions (transverse directions), respectively. Regional variations about the mechanical parameters at both apparent and tissue levels in different transverse layers and vertical columns within and between the two age groups were then analyzed. The results showed significant decreases in the apparent Young’s moduli in each direction with aging, and those in the two transverse directions decreased more with aging compared with the longitudinal direction. Furthermore, there were no statistically significant differences between the mechanical parameters in the two transverse directions in both age groups. This study offered an insight into the distributions and variations of mechanical properties within a vertebral body. The mechanical parameters calculated from this study may help in a better understanding of regional fracture risks and the vertebral fracture mechanism in the prevention of osteoporotic fracture in elder individuals.  相似文献
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目的 探讨老年股骨颈骨折病人的股骨头样本各个区域的结构和生物力学性能差异,研究不同区域显微结构和生物力学特征及其对内固定物的影响。方法 收集20个老年股骨颈骨折病人关节置换术后股骨头标本,以股骨头表面解剖标志点为参照,将股骨头按平分方法分为外侧、内侧、中间三部分。确定环钻的位置和钻取方向, 用环钻于不同区域钻取直径10 mm、高10 mm圆柱形松质骨柱。通过Micro-CT系统扫描分析,分析不同区域内松质骨柱数据,包括骨体积分数(BVF)、骨小梁间隙(Tb.Sp)、骨小梁厚度(Tb.Th)、骨小梁数目(Tb.N)、骨表面积体积比(BS/BV)、结构模型指数(SMI)。应用微有限元计算不同区域骨组织的力学差异。结果 老年股骨头颈内骨质含量下降,显微结构和生物力学性能区域变化明显,中间区域的骨结构和力学性能明显优于内侧和外侧。结论 股骨头中间部位骨骼结构和力学强度明显优于内侧和外侧,在临床治疗骨质疏松股骨颈骨折的时候需要充分考虑内固定的部位。  相似文献
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